Structural Features Sociology Help

Structural Features 
Most voluntary association church organizations PTA, recreational clubs; It neighborhood associations, and other&-have volunteer officers, a minimum constitution (ifanyone can find it), and bylaws or procedures which are highly “flexible” and sometimes forgotten or ignored, In such organizations, the informal aspects greatly overshadow the “formal organization” aspects, as the association operates vaguely and loosely according to Robert’s Rules of Order. Where membership is fairly small, with a general consensus upon simple goals, such informal operation is highly efficient helps people do things with a minimum of bureaucratic fuss. Where membership is large or geographically scattered, and when goals or policies are controversial, a more formal and .rigid organization develops. A large association with a scattered membership, such as the National Rifle Association or Rotary International, must we a bureaucracy with a paid professional staff that conducts routines and an elected board of directors that determines policies. In practice, however, the function of the board of directors is generally to approve the policies which the professional staff has developed and sold” to the board. While the membership theoretically controls the organization, actual control is by a small clique of officers and professionals. This tendency for all large groups and organizations to fall under the control of a small clique of active members has been called by Robert Michels [1949] the “iron law of oligarchy.” the term. “oligarchy” means “rule by the few.”)

Posted on September 3, 2014 in GROUP AND ASSIGNATION

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