PROSPECTS FOR THE FUTURE Sociology Help

PROSPECTS FOR THE FUTURE

Several of the industrialized countries have ‘already reached or approximated a stable population. These include East and West Germany, Austria, Belgium, and the United Kingdom. By 198~ it is probable that more
than a billion people, one-fourth of the present world’s population, may live in countries which have ceased to have population growth. In the United States, the outlook is uncertain. Predictions for our population by the year20:10 range from 277 million to 367 million [Bouvier, 19R1).Growth is slowing, but there arc {actors which might reverse the current downward trend. In 1982, U.S. birthrntes were up 9 percent from the 1976 figure Notions of ideal family size are changble, and a swing back to a larger-size family is entirely possible. In fact, over one third of adult Americans indicate that they would like a family with more than the tv{ ildr
which must be the norm if th Unit d States has any chance of reachin a stabl po UI ‘on [Gallup poll, Feb 1991  (19801 has offered the intel J family size may b cyclical in the developed countries-that is, a gene a Ion of large fanilies may be followed by a generation of small families, followed again by a generation of large families, with each generation eversing the family-size ideal of Its parents. The oft-predicted wo I fine h s not arrived. In the last deca ,,,,orId rc PiQduction rose at betwe I 3 a q , per ~ ht ~ year while world popul n “t About 2.5 percent a year. A Unit d Nations report stated that “roughly one in ten people go hungry now, whereas as many as one in six had gone hungry two decades ago” [United Nation Department of International Economics and Social Affair, 1982, P: 67]. Critics point out that’ the land base for this food supply is steadily eroding and fear·that such increases in food production must someday  turn into food production declines. Has doomsday been averted .or merely postponed?

Posted on September 4, 2014 in POPULATION CHANGE

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