What occupations are professions? Athletes who are paid for playing sports are referred to as “professional athletes:’ Dog groomers. pest exterminators. automobile
mechanics. and nail technicians (manicurists) also refer to themselves as professionals. Although sociologists do not always agree on exactly which occupations are professions. they do agree that the number of people categorized as “professionals” has grown dramatically since W rld War II. According to the sociologist Steven Brint (1994). the contemporary professional middle class includes most doctors. natural scientists.