Postindustrial Societies Sociology Help

Postindustrial Societies

Chapter 5 defines postindustrial societies as ones in which technology supports a service- and information based economy. In  us  societies. the division of labor in paid employment is increasingly based on whether  people provide or apply information or are  employed in service jobs such as fast-food restaurant counter help or health care workers. For both women and men in the labor   ore, formal education is increasingly c: ail for economic and social success. However, as TIL e women have moved into  entrepreneurial, managerial, and professional occupations, many others have remained in the low-paying service sector, which  fords  few opportunities for upward advancement.

Will technology change the rendered division -n of  labor in postindustrial societies? Scholars do not agree on the effects of  computers, the Internet, the World Wide Web, cellular phones, and many newer forms of communications technology on the role  f   omen in society. for example, some feminist writers had a pessimistic view of the impact of computers and men tors on women’s   health and safety, predicting that women in secretarial and administrative roles would experience an increasing in eyestrain,  headaches, and problems  such as carp” tunnel syndrome. However, some medical experts now believe that such problems extend  o both men and women, as computers have become omnipresent in more people’s Ives. The term “2417” has come to mean that a   person is available “twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week” via cell phones, pocket pagers, fax machines, e-mail, and other  means of communication,  whether the individual is at the office or  four thousand miles away on “vacation:’

How do new technologies ill descender relations in the workplace? Although some analysts presumed that technological  developments would reduce the boundaries between women’s and men’s work. researchers  have found that the gender  stereotyping associated with specific jobs has remained remarkably stable even when the nature of work and the skills required to  reform it have been radically transformed. Today, men and women continue to be segregated into different occupations, and this  segregation is particularly visible within individual workplaces (as discussed later in the chapter). How does the division of labor  hang in families  in postindustrial societies? For a variety of reasons,

more households are headed by women with no adult male present. As shown in the Census Profiles feature, the percentage of u.s.  households headed by a single mother with children under eighteen has increased. Chapter 15 (“Families and Intimate  rl.!:ion ships”) discusses a number of reasons why the current division of labor in household chores in some families is  between a  moan and her children rather than between women and men. Consider, for example, that almost one- fourth (23 percent) of all  .S.  children  live with their mother only (as contrasted with just 5 percent who reside with their father only); among African American  children, 48 percent live with their  other only (U.S. Census Bureau, 2007).  is means that women in these he holds truly have a  ruble burden, both from family responsibilities and from the  necessity of holding gainful employment in the labor force.

Even in single-person or two-parent households, programming “labor-saving” devices (if they can be afforded) often means that a  person must haw some leisure time to learn how to do the programming. According  to analysts, leisure is deeply divided along gender lines, and women have less time to “play in the house” than do men and boys. Some websites seek to appeal to women  ho have economic resources but are short on time, making it possible for them to shop,  gather information, “mountebank,” and communicate with  others at all hours of the day and night. In postindustrial societies such as the United States, more than 60  percent of adult women are in the labor force, meaning that finding time to care for children,  help aging parents, and meet the  demands of the workplace will continue to place a heavy burden on women, despite living in an information- and service-oriented

economy. ow people accept new technologies and the effect  these technologies have on gender stratification are related to how  people are socialized into gender roles. However, gender-based stratification remains rooted  in the larger social structures of  society, which  have little ability t:) control.

Posted on September 5, 2014 in Sex and Gender

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