Politics, Power and Authority
Politics is the social institution through which power is acquired and exercised by some people and groups. In contemporary societies, the government is the primary political system. Government is the formal organization that has the legal and political authority to regulate the relationships among members of a society and between the society and those outside its borders. Some social analysts refer to the government as the state-the political entity that possesses a legitimate monopoly over the use of force within its territory to achieve its goals. The components of the state include an elaborate. extremely bureaucratized political institution that consists of executive. central. and local administrations: the legislature: the courts and the armed forces and the police. How does -a sociological perspective on politics and government differ from that of political science? Although some areas of political science overlap with political sociology. the focuses of the two are somewhat different.