Politico Economic Systems of Developing Countries
At the time of this writing, 1983, no countries 'had governments which deadly fitted the fascist model, but there are a number of dictatorships. with many similarities, mostly in developing countries. These are one-party ,states ruled either an army general or by a politician with military support. Rather than a strident nationalism, .their basis for support ' is a claim that they avoid the conflict, corruption, and inefficiency of democratic governments and are better able to lead their nations in economic development. These countries follow their own version of the "mixed economy." They usually provide welfare services for government employees and urban factory workers at the expense of a poor rural population which remains outside the welfare system. Heavy taxes and cumbersome. difficult for 'any large-scale -business entrepreneurs to operate unless they are political favorites. Many enterprises are .government-operated or perhaps personally owned by the dictator and his or' her many relatives. These enterprises .usually operate inefficiently and only exist because they are subsidized by the rest of the economy. Other local capitalists who survive in spite of obstacles are .under constant pressure, especially -if they are members of minority ethnic' groups. However, governments are impressed with f' the capital resources and technical skills of foreign corporations and try to attract them through promises of privileges far greater than those allowed native business people. Most of the countries which have gained their independence since World War II have this type of .regime. Even India, which has been the largest exception to this trend, had such a government for a period when law was proclaimed by Mrs. Gandhi, then prime minister. Sometimes, the dictator justifies his or her rule as a temporary expedient which is laying the basis for an eventual democratic regime. Nigeria did move from a military dictatorship to parliamentary I rule, and President Marcos of the Philippines officially ended Also, Mrs. Ghandi of India was voted out of office after a brief period of dictatorship and was only reelected later when she promised to abide by democratic procedures. these steps are a trend back to democratic government or minor fluctuations remains to be seen.