Perspectives on Urbanization and the Growth of Cities
Urban sociology follows in the tradition of early European sociological perspectives that compared social 111<- with biological organisms or ecological processes.For example, August Comte pointed nut that Celtics arc the “real organs” that make a society function. Emile Durkheim applied natural ecology to his analysis of mocha solidarity. characterized by a simple division of labor and shared religious beliefs such as are found in small. agrarian societies. and organic solidarity, characterized by interdependence based on the elaborate division of labor found in large. urban societies (see Chapter 5). These earl)’ analyses became the foundation for ecological models/functionalist perspectives in urban sociology.