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NORMS OF EVASION 

Whenever the mores or laws forbid 'something that many people strongly wish to do, norms of evasion are likely to appear. These' a£e'the patterns through which people indulge their wishes without openly challenging ,the mores. For example, Roebuck and Spray [1967] -show how the cocktail lounge functions to facilitate discreet sexual affairs between high-status married men and unattached young women. More common norms of evasion in our society would include driving a few miles over the speed limit, truckers' systematic violation of weight limits, and a little cheating on one's income tax. The fact that a particular norm is often violated does not create a norm cf evasion. . It is only when there is a pattern of violation which  recognized and sanctioned by one's group 'that we have a of evasion. Patronizing a bootlegger became a norm of evasion when it became a standard, group approved way of getting forbidden alcoholic beverages. In becoming group-sanctioned, the evasion loses its moral censure. Among some groups, success in "fixing" traffic tickets or in seducing women will earn one the admiration of others. Norms of evasion thus are a semi-institutionalized form of deviant behavior. Sometimes a pattern of deviation is neither sufficiently accepted to be a norm of evasion nor sufficiently condemned to be routinely suppressed. In such situations, the toleration of such deviation may operate as a form of social control. Prostitutes and gamblers may be permitted to operate as long as they provide information other police. In most prisons influential prisoners who can ensure a quiet and orderly cell block are permitted to commit minor rule infractions [Strange and McCoy, 1974]. Thus, tolerance of some deviation, with the.implied threat of withdrawing this privilege and actually enforcing the rules, functions to maintain'social control.

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