Mores Other Norms
Mores Other Norms arc considered to be highly essential to the stability of society. Mores are a particular culture’s strongly held norms with moral and ethical connotations that may not be violated without serious consequences. Because mores (pronounced MORays) are based on cultural values and are considered to be crucial for the well-being of the group, violators are subject to more severe negative sanctions (such as ridicule, loss of employment, or imprisonment) than arc those who fail to adhere to folkways. The strongest mores are referred 10 as taboos, Taboos are mores so strong that their violation is considered to be extremely offensive and even WI mentionable. Violation of taboos is punishable by the group or even, according to certain belief systems, by a supernatural force. The incest taboo, which prohibits sexual or marital relations between certain categories of kin, is an example of a nearly.universal taboo. Folkways and mores provide structure and security in a society. They make everyday life more predictable and provide people with some guidelines for appearance and behavior. As individuals travel in countries other than their own, they become aware of crosscultural differences in folkways and mores. For example, women from the United States traveling in Muslim nations quickly become aware of mores, based on the Sharia , that prescribe the dominance of men over women. In Saudi Arabia, for instance, women are not allowed to mix with men in public. Banks have branches with only women tellers- and only women customers. In hospitals, female doctors are supposed to tend only to children and other women (Alireza, 1990; Ibrahim, 1990).