A'5 already hinted, personal self-image visa highly, active factor in' behavior. 'There is a great deal of research showing the importance of self-image. In Campbell's The Sense of Well- Being in America, he 'found that of all factors related to "satisfaction with life," one's feelings of "satisfaction with self" ranked highest, with "standard (If living" second and "satisfaction with family life" third [Campbell 1981 , p. 48]. The famous study Equality of Educational Opportunity [Coleman, 1966, pp. 319-325] found that the most important personality characteristic associated with school learning was the child's self-concept and sense of control over its environment-that is, the .child's feeling that its efforts would make a  difference. Effective teaching in school, plant, or army rests upon building the leaser's self confidence [Leviton, 1975]. Conversely, the lack of a satisfactory self-image nearly always cripples learning or task performance. Studies of some years ago, for example, showed that black school children had' rower self-esteem than white children, and this was believed to be a factor in black children's poorer school performance. Recent studies, however, no longer find lower levels of self-esteem among black children [Green berg, 1972; Beguiles and Sheikh, 1974; Hilary, 1975]. This may be one reason why the learning gap- between black  and  white  children has narrowed significantly during the past decade [Burton and ones 1982

An unsatisfactory self-image often leads town pleasant  antisocial, or delinquent behavior[Schwartz and Tangri, 1965;' Kaplan, 1975, 1977]. In fact, a great deal of behavior, ranging from mildly annoying habits such as bragging and know it all" arrogance to serious neuroses  and  delinquencies can be viewed as desperate  attempts to repair an intolerable image  of self as incompetent, unworthy, or un important. 'The ultimate response to feelings of unworthu{ess is suicide [Kaplan and Pokorny, 1976]. Truly, the image of self lies at the  core of behavior.

Posted on September 2, 2014 in FIELD AND METHODS OF SOCIOLOGY

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