Health in the United States Sociology Help

Health in the United States

Even if we limit our discussion (for the money)  to people in the United States, why are 50111 of us healthier than others? Is it biology our genes-that

Social Epidemiology

The field of social epidemiology attempts to answer  questions such as these. Social epidemiology is thestudy of the causes and distribution of health. disease. and impairment throughout a population (Weiss and Lonnquist, 2009). Typically, the target of the investigation is disease agents. the environment, and the human host. Disease agents include biological agents such. as insects. bacteria, and viruses that
carry or cause disease; nutrient a ents such as fats and carbohydrates; chemical agents such as gases and pollutants in the air; and physical agents such as temperature. humidity. and radiation. The environment includes the physical (geography and climate). biological (presence or absence of known disease agents). and social (socioeconomic status. occupation, and location of home) environments. The human host takes into account demographic factors (age, sex. and race/ethnicity), physical condition, habits and customs, and lifestyle.( Weiss and Lonnquist, 2009). Let's look briefly at some of these factors. Age Rates of illness and death are high st among the old and the young. Mortality rates drop shortly after
birth and begin to rise Significantly during middle age. After age 65, rates of chronic diseases and mortality increase rapidly. Chronic diseases are illnesses that are long term or lifelong and that develop gradually or are present from birth; in contrast. acute diseases are illnesses that strike suddenly and cause dramatic incapacitation and s metimes death (Weitz. 2004). An older woman once described how she coped with chronic conditions associated with aging. particularly at the start of each day:

Posted on September 8, 2014 in HEALTH CARE AND DISABILITY

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