Family Structure and Characteristics
In preindustrial societies. the primary form of social organization is through kinship ties. Killship refers to a social network of people b••sed on common ancestry, marriage, or adoption. Through kinship networks, people cooperate so that they can acquire the basic necessities of life, including food and shelter. Kinship systems can also serve as a means by which property is transferred. goods are produced and distributed, and power is allocated, In industrialized societies. other social institutions fulfill some of the functions previously taken care of by the kinship network. For example, political systems provide structures of social control and authority, and economic systems are responsible for the production and distribution of goods and services. Consequently, funnies in industrialized societies serve fewer and more-specialized purposes than do families in postindustrial societies. Contemporary families are responsible primarily for regulating sexual activity. socializing children, and' providing affection and companionship for family members.