Contemporary Education in Other Nations
In this section, we will examine schools in two nations that frequently show up in he U.S. media. Because the United States and Japan are fen compared to each thee n the global marketplace, social analysts frequently frequently frequently compare the educational systems f these high-income countries.
Similarly, cooling in Germ Ally is often discussed in he United States because the the science and math scores of students in these two two two nations are compared to assess the quality of education n each country. Education In Japan Like other countries. Japan did not make public education mandatory for children until the country underwent industrialization. ruing the Meiji period (1868-1912),
feudalism was eliminated,and Japan embarked n a new focus on youth and"bureaucratic" universal education (White, 1994). In hopes of catching up with the West. Japanese official created an educational stem and national educational goals. Education was viewed as a form of economic and national development and as a means of identifying talent for a new technological elite (White, 1994).Today, Japanese educators, parents, students. and employers all view education as a crucial link to their children's future and to heir nation's economic success Japanese schools not only emphasize conformity and nationalism,
but also highlight the importance of obligation to one's family and learning the skills necessary for employment. Beginning at about three years of age, any Japanese toddlers are sent to cram schools(Julius) to help them qualify for good preschools. In.In both cram schools and public schools, students learn discipline and jinking skills, along with hypersensitivities such as karate and gymnastics to improve agility. By the time children reach elementary school.they are expected to engage in cooperative activities with their classmates. In some schools, children are responsible for preparing, serving, and cleaning up after the midday meal. At the end f he day, children maybe seen cleaning the chalkboards and even mopping.the floors, ll as a part of the spirit of cooperation they mass education the practice of providing free,public schooling for wide segments of a nation's-population.