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Conflict Perspectives

According to many conflict analysts, the gendered division of labor in families and in the workplace results from male control of and dominance over women and

resources. Differentials between u.en and women may exist in terms of economic, political, physical, and/or interpersonal power.  he importance of a male monopoly in any of these arenas depends on the significance of  that type of power in a society   Richardson, 1993). In hunting and gathering and horticultural societies, male  dominance over women is limited because all   embers of the society must work in order to survive (Collins,  1971; Nielsen, 1990). In agrarian societies, however, male sexual   dominance is at its peak. Male heads of household gain a monopoly not only on physical power but also on  economic power. and   omen become sexual property. Although men’s ability to use physical power to control women diminishes in industrial societies,   en still remain the head of household and control the property.  In addition. men gain more power through their predominance  in  he most highly paid and prestigious occupations  and the highest elected offices. By contrast, women have the ability to trade   heir sexual resources. companionship, and emotional support in the marriage  market for men’s financial support and social  status; as a  result, however. women as a group remain subordinate  to men (Collins. 1971; Nielsen, 1990). All men are not equally   privileged; some analysts argue that women and men in the upper classes are more  privileged, because of their economic power,   than men in lower-class positions and all people of color (Lorber. 1994). In industrialized societies. persons who occupy elite   positions in corporations, universities, the mass  media. and government or who have great wealth have

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