Category Archive for: The Sociological Perspective

Jane Addams

Jane Addams Jane Addams (1860-1935) is one of the best-known early women sociologists in the United States because she founded Hull House, one of the most famous settlement houses, in an impoverished area of Chicago. Throughout her career, she was actively engaged in sociological endeavors: She lectured at numerous colleges, was a charter member of the American Sociological Society, and published a number…

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Contemporary Theoretical Perspectives

Contemporary Theoretical Perspectives  Given the many and varied ideas and trends that influenced the development of sociology, how do contemporary sociologists view society? Some see it as basically a stable and ongoing entity; others view it in terms of many groups competing for scarce resources still others describe it based on the everyday, routine interactions among individuals. Each of these views represents a…

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Functionalist Perspectives

Functionalist Perspectives Also known as jullctiollillis’!l and structural functionalism, functionalist perspectives are based on the assumption that society is a stable, orderly system. This stable system is characterized by societal consensus, whereby the majority of members share a common set of values. beliefs. and behavioral expectations. According to this perspective, a society is composed of interrelated parts. each of which serves a…

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Talcott Parsons and Robert Merton

Talcott Parsons and Robert Merton Talcott Parsons (1902-1979). perhaps the most influential contemporary advocate of the functionalist perspective, stressed that all societies must provide for meeting social needs in order to survive. Parsons (1955) suggested, for example, that a division of labor (distinct, specialized functions) between husband and wife is essential for family stability and social order. The husband/ father performs the instrumental…

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Answers to the Sociology Quiz on Consumption and Credit Cards

Answers to the Sociology Quiz on Consumption and Credit Cards True The credit card debt owed by the average u.s. household In 2007 (the most recent year for which statistics were available,was $9,840. False The _raga debt on undergraduate college students’ credit cards in 2008 was about $2.200.and the typical student amasses almost $20,000 In student loans during his or…

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Overspending as a Public Issue

Overspending as a Public Issue We can use the sociological imagination to look at the problem of overspending and credit card debt as a public issue-a societal problem. For example, Ritzer (1998) suggests that the relationship between credit card debt and the relatively low savings rate in the United States  constitutes a public issue. Between 1990 and 2000, credit card debt tripled…

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The Importance of a Global Sociological Imagination

The Importance of a Global Sociological Imagination Although existing sociological theory and research provide the foundation for sociological thinking. we must reach beyond past studies that have focused primarily on the United States to develop a more COu1prehensive global approach for the future. In the twentyfirst century. we face important challenges in a rapidly changing nation and world. The world’s high-income cOlin tries…

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The Origins of Sociological Thinking

The Origins of Sociological Thinking The rough out history. social philosophers and religious authorities have made countless observations about human behavior. but the  systematic analysis of society is found in the philosophies of early Greek philosophers such as Plato (c. 427-347 D.C.E.) and Aristotle (384-322 B.c.E.). For example. Aristotle was concerned with developing a system of knowledge. and he engaged in theorizing and…

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Sociology and the Age of Enlightenment

Sociology and the Age of Enlightenment The origins of sociological thinking as we know it today can he traced to the scientific revolution in the late seventeenth and mid-eighteenth centuries and to the Age of Enlightenment In this period of European thought, emphasis was placed on the individual’s possession of critical reasoning and experience. There was also widespread skepticism regarding the primacy…

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Sociology and the Age of Revolution, Industrialization, and Urbanization

Sociology and the Age of Revolution, Industrialization and Urbanization Several types of.revolution that took place in the eighteenth century had a profound influence on the origins of sociology. TIle Enlightenment produced an intellectual revolution in how people thought about social change, progress. and critical thinking. The optimistic views of the philosophes and other social thinkers regarding progress and equal opportunity (at least for some…

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