Category Archive for: The Family

Changing Family Functions

Changing Family Functions Structure and function are two aspects of the same thing. Changes in one are both cause and effect of changes in the other. What changes in function accompany changes in family structure? THE ECONOMIC FUNCTIONS HAVE GREATLY DECLINED. A century ago the American family was a unit of economic production, united by shared work on the…

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THE REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTION HAS DECLINED IN IMPORTANCE

THE REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTION HAS DECLINED IN IMPORTANCE True, birthrates are much lower than a century ago, but if one considers only the size of the surviving family, then the family reproductive function is not so greatly changed. A few centuries ago one-half to three-fourths of the children died in infancy or childhood; today over 96 percent reach adulthood. Today’s average American family of slightly…

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THE SOCIALIZATION FUNCTION GROWS MORE IMPORTANT

THE SOCIALIZATION FUNCTION GROWS MORE IMPORTANT  The family remains the principal socializing agency, although the school and the peer groups unquestionably fill important socializing functions. Other .social agencies are occasionally called in for guidance. The major change has been in our attention to the socialization’ function. An earlier generation knew little about “personality development”; today nearly every literate parent knows about Dr; Speck [1945, 1957,-…

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THE AFFECTIONAL AND COMPANIONSHIP FUNCTIONS GROW IN IMPORTANCE

THE AFFECTIONAL AND COMPANIONSHIP FUNCTIONS GROW IN IMPORTANCE The primary community, the small group of neighbors who knew OI another well and had much in common, has disappeared from till. lives of most’ Americans. Urbanization and specialization have destroyed it. In an increasingly heedless, impersonal, and ruthless world, the immediate family becomes the bulwark of emotional support. Only within the family can one hope…

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THE STATUS DEFINITION FUNCTION CONTINUES

THE STATUS DEFINITION FUNCTION CONTINUES Many families continue to prepare children to retain the class status of the others seek to prepare their children [(IT social mobility. They do this mainly by trying to  give children the kind of ambitions, attitudes, and habits which prompt them to struggle for a higher class status and to fill it successfully. This is…

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Family Violence

Family Violence  there is nothing new about violence within the family, but only recently has it been. “discovered” as a social problem [Pfohl, 1977]. The first national survey of family violence was made in. 1975 by Strauss, Geller, and Steinmetz, [1980]. As they say, “The marriage license is a hitting license.”. As shown ·in . table 1 -4, in a single year…

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DIVORCE

DIVORCE What is to be done when a married couple can’t live comfortably together? Although most societies make some provision for divorce, some make it very dlfflcult or perhaps give the privilege of divorce only to the men. Some make divorce very simple. Among the Hopi, divorce is rather rare but very uncomplicated. The husband merely packs up and leaves, or in…

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Mention of polygyny

Mention of polygyny Mention of polygyny will arouse  a predictably ethnocentric response from most Americans. They conjure up images of female degradation and helpless enslavement and rise ‘to impressive heights of moral indignation at such heathen brutishness.. The fads are otherwise. it would be difflcult to show that Women have generally had a more satisfactory status in monogamous than in polygamous societies. Even in…

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MONOGAMY AND POLYGAMY

MONOGAMY AND POLYGAMY To all properly ethnocentric Americans, there is only one decent and civilized form ‘of marriage-monogamy new man to one woman (at a time). Yet a majority of the world’s societies have practiced polygamy, allowing a plurality of   mates, There are three theoretical forms of polygamy. One is group marriage, in which’ several men and several women are all in…

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MARITAL CHOICE

MARITAL CHOICE The process of arranging a marriage shows a fascinating range of possibilities. As shown above, some societies followa formula whereby the children of certain socially designated kinsfolk marry each other, so that the individual choices may be unnecessary.Where. actual choices are necessity they may be made in many ways. The couples can do their own choosing, sometimes with parental…

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