Category Archive for: Society,Social,Structure And Interaction

Industrial Societies

Industrial Societies Industrial societies are based on technology that mechanizes production. Originating in England during the Industrial Revolution, this mode of production dramatically transformed predominantly rural and agrarian societies into urban and industrial societies. i describes how the revolution first began in Britain and then spread to other countries, including the United States. Industrialism involves the application of scientific knowledge to the technology of…

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Agrarian Societies

Agrarian Societies About live to six thousand years ago. agrarian (or agricultural) societies emerged. first in Mesopotamia and Egypt and slightly later in China. Agar URL societies use the terminology of large-scale funding including animal-drawn or energy-powered plows and equipment. to produce their food supply. Farming made it possible for people to spend their entire lives in the same location, and…

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Horticultural and Pastoral Societies

Horticultural and Pastoral Societies The period between 13.000 and 7.000 R.C.E. marks the beginning of horticultural and pastoral societies. During this period. there was a gradual shift.from collecting food to producing food, a change that has been attributed to three factors: (I) the depletion of the supply of large game animals as a source of food. (2) an increase in…

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Hunting and Gathering Societies

Hunting and Gathering Societies At present. fewer than 250.000 people support themes dissolve through hunting. fishing. and gathering WIld plant foods (Haviland. 1999). However (rom the origins of human existence (several million years ago) until about 10.000 years ago. hunting and gathering societies were the only type of human society that existed. Hunting and gathering societies use simple technology for hunting animals…

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Societies, Technology and Sociocultural Change

Societies, Technology and Sociocultural Change As we think about homeless people today. it is difficult to realize that for people in some societies. being without a place of residence is a way of life. Where people live and the mode(s) of production they use to generate a food supply are related to subsistence technology the methods and tools that are…

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Role Conflict and Role Strain

Role Conflict and Role Strain Most people occupy a number of statuses. each of which has numerous role expectations attached. For example. Charles is a student who attends morning classes at the university. and he is an employee at a fast-food restaurant, where he works from 3;00 to 10;00 P.M. He is also Stephanie’s boyfrtend, and she would like 10 see…

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Social Institutions

Social Institutions AI the macro level of all societies, certain basic activities routinely occur-children are born and socialized. goods and services are produced and distributed. order is preserved. and a sense of purpose is maintained (Aberleetal., 1950; Mack and Bradford, 1979). Social institutions are the means by which these basic needs are met A social institution is a set of…

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Groups

Groups Groups are another important component of social structure. To sociologists, a social group consists of two or more people who interact frequently and share a common identity and a feeling of inter de pendence. Th roughout our lives, most of us ‘participate in groups: our families and childhood friends, our college classes, our work and community organizations, and even society. Primary and…

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Roles

Roles Role is the dynamic aspect of a status. Whereas we occupy a status. we plays role. A role is a set of  expectations associated with a given status. For example, a carpenter (employee) hired to remodel a kitchen is not expected to sit down uninvited and join the family (employer) for dinner. Role expectation is a group’s or society’s…

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Status Symbols

Status Symbols When people are proud of a particular social status that they occupy. they often choose to use visible means to let others know about their position. Status symbols are material signs that inform others of a person’s specific status. For example. just as wearing a wedding ring proclaims that a person is married. owning a Rolls-Royce announces that one…

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