Category Archive for: Society,Social,Structure And Interaction

Nonverbal Communication

Nonverbal Communication In a typical stage drama, the players not only speak  their lines but also convey information by nonverbal communication. we discussed the importance of language now we will look at the messages we communicate without speaking. Nonverbal communication is the transfer of information between persons without the use of words. It includes not only visual cues (gestures, appearances)…

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Functions of Nonverbal Communication

Functions of Nonverbal Communication Nonverbal communication often supplements communication (Wood, 1999). Head and facial movements may provide us with information about other people’s emotional states, and others receive similar information from us (Samovar and Porter, J991a). We obtain first impressions of others from various kinds of nonverbal communication, such as the clothing they wear and their body positions. Our social interaction is regulated…

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Facial Expression, Eye Contact, and Touching

 Facial Expression, Eye Contact, and Touching Deference behavior is important in regard to facial expression eye contact. and touching. This type of nonverbal communication is symbolic of our relationships with others. Who smiles? Who stares? Who makes and sustains eye contact? Who touches whom? All these questions relate to demeanor and deference; the key issue is the status of the person…

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Personal Space

Personal Space Physical space is an important component of nonverbal communication. Anthropologist Edward Hall (1966) analyzed the physical distance between people speaking to each other and found that the amount of personal space that people prefer varies from one culture to another . Personal space is the immediate area surrounding a person that the person claims as private. Our personal space is…

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Social Interaction: The Micro level Perspective

Social Interaction: The Micro level Perspective So far in this .chapter; we have focused on society and social structure from a macro level perspective. seeing how the structure of society affects the statuses we occupy the roles we play. and the groups and organizations to which we belong. Functionalist. an n Just  perspectives provide a macro sociological overview because they concentrate…

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Social Structure and Homelessness

Social Structure and Homelessness In Gescl schaft societies such as the United States, a prevailing core value is that people should be able to take care of themselves. Thus, many people view the homeless as “throwaways”-as beyond help or as having already had enough done for them by society. Some argue that the homeless made their own bad decisions. which led…

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Tennies: Gemeinschaft and Gesellschnt:

Tennies: Gemeinschaft and Gesellschnt: Sociologist Ferdinand ‘Iounies (1855-1936) used the terms Gemeinsduift and Gr5~1l5~haft to characterize the degree of social solidarity and social control found in societies. He was especially concerned about what happens to social solidarity in a society when a “loss of community” occurs. The Gemeinsdiaft (guh-MINE-shoft) is a traditional society in which social relationships are based on personal bonds of friendship…

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Durkheim: Mechanical and Organic Solidarity

Durkheim: Mechanical and Organic Solidarity Emile Durkheim (l933/1893) was concerned with the question “How do societies manage to hold together!” He asserted that preindustrial societies are held together by strong traditions and by the members’ shared moral beliefs and values. As societies industrialized and developed more specialized economic activities, social solidarity came to be rooted in the members’ shared dependence on one another.…

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Stability and Change Un Societies

Stability and Change Un Societies  How do societies maintain some degree of social solidarity in the face of the changes we have described? As you may recall from Chapter I, theorists using a functionalist perspective focus on the stability of societies and the importance of equilibrium even in times of rapid social change. By contrast, conflict perspectives highlight how societies go through…

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Postindustrial Societies

Postindustrial Societies A postindustrial society is one in which technology supports a service- and information-based economy. As discussed in Chapter postmodern (or “posrindustrial”) societies are characterized by an information explosion and an economy in which large numbers of people either provide or apply information or are employed in service jobs (such as fast-food server or health care worker). For example, banking, law,…

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