Category Archive for: Socialization

Erikson and Psychosocial Development

Erikson and Psychosocial Development Erik H, Erikson (1902-1994) drew from Freud’s theory and identified eight psychosocial stages of development. According to Erikson (1980/1959), each stage is accompanied by a crisis or potential crisis that involves transitions in social relationships: 1. Trust versus mistrust (birth to age one). If infants receive good care and nurturing (characterized by emotional warmth, security, and love) from…

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Freud and the Psychoanalytic Perspective

Freud and the Psychoanalytic Perspective The basic assumption in Sigmund Freud’s (1924) psychoanalytic approach is that human behavior and personality originate from unconscious forces within individuals.Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), who is known as the founder of psychoanalytic theory, developed his major theories in the Victorian era, when biological explanations of human behavior were prevalent. It was also an era of extreme sexual repression…

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Social Psychological Theories of Human Development

Social Psychological Theories of Human Development Over the past hundred years, a variety of psychological and sociological theories have been developed not only to explain child abuse but also to describe how a positive process of socialization occurs. Let’s look first at several psychological theories that focus primarily on how the individual personality develops.

Child Maltreatment

Child Maltreatment What do the terms (child maltreatment and child abuse mean you? When asked what constitutes child maltreatment, many people first think of cases that involve severe physical injuries or sexual abuse. However, neglect is the most frequent form of child maltreatment (Dubowitz et al., 1993). Child neglect occurs when children’s basic needs-including emotional warmth and security, adequate shelter, food. health care,…

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“I don’t want to be crippled by things that happened in the past. [My father] was a free bird, you know? He couldn’t handle being a father. [When I learned that my father was terminally will with cancer,]  I thought, even if it’s seven months, I want to get to know this person. Sometimes I ‘just sit there, and he’d…

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Why Is Socialization Important Around the Globe?

Why Is Socialization Important Around the Globe? Sociolizatlou is the lifelong process of social interaction through which Individuals acquire a self identity and the physical, mental, and social skills needed for survival in society. It is the essential link between the individual and society. Socialization enables each of us to develop our human potential and to learn the ways of thinking. talking. and…

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Human Development: Biology and Society

Human Development: Biology and Society What does it mean to be “human”? To be human includes being conscious of ourselves as individuals with unique identities. personalities, and relationships with others. As humans, we have ideas, emotions. and values. We have the capacity to think and to make rational decisions. But what is the source of “humanness”! Are we born with these human…

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Problems Associated with Social Isolation and Maltreatment

Problems Associated with Social Isolation and Maltreatment Social environment, then. is a crucial part of an individual’s socialization. Even nonhuman primates such as monkeys and chimpanzees need social contact with others of their species in order to develop properly. As we will see, appropriate social contact is even II’ ore important for human Isolation and Nonhuman Primates Researchers have attempted to demonstrate the…

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Isolated Children Of course, sociologists would never place children in isolated circumstances so that they could observe what happened to them, However, some cases have arisen In which parents or other caregivers failed to fulfill their responsibilities, leaving children alone or placing them In Isolated circumstances. From analysis of these situations, social scientists have documented cases in which children were deliberately raised in…

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