Social Class

Social Class

Social Class Aristotle observed two millennia ago that populations tended to be divided into three groups: the very rich, the very poor, and those in between. For Karl Marx the principal social classes were the wage workers (the proletariat) and the capitalists (the bourgeoisie), with a middle group (the petty bourgeoisie) which was destined to …

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SOCIAL CLASS SUMMARY

SOCIAL CLASS SUMMARY Social class molds .the life-adjustment patterns of individuals the lower class tends ‘to be liberal in political action connected with economic benefits and conservative in accepting other social changes; while the opposite tends to be true of the upper class. An alleged “new class” consists of government servants and those working in …

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THE NEW CLASS

THE NEW CLASS As mentioned in Chapter 13, social analysts in recent years often debate the existence of a “new class” [Briggs, 1979; Hacker, 1979]. Its members are middle- and upper-level government employees and people engaged in communication-television and radio staff, actors and actresses, journalists, professors, and clergy. They are mostly in the middleclass brackets, …

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Fitting into the Better Spots

Fitting into the Better Spots Middle and upper social classes also provide distinctive subcultures that prepare class members for specialized functions in society. Middle-class parents seek to impress their children with both the hope of advancement and the fear of dropping to a lower-class status. Thus, of all the social classes, the. middle class is …

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Explaining Many Other Group Differences

Explaining Many Other Group Differences Many other kinds of group differences racial, religious, regional really class differences. For example, almost any sociological black-white comparison will seem to be very flattering to whites. Blacks have proportionately crimes, more venereal disease, more illegitimate births, more drunkenness, more desertions, more broken families and proportionately more people on relief. If …

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EDUCATION

EDUCATION, Social class and education interact in at least two ways. First, a higher education requires money plus motivation. Second, the amount and kind of education affects the class rank secured. It not only brings occupational skills, it also brings changes in jested, interests, goals, etiquette, pectin’ one’s total way of life. In some ways, …

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Defining the Conventional Morality

Defining the Conventional Morality The social classes differ in etiquette as well as in moral judgments. The term “loyal worker” . has one meaning in the union hall, another at the chamber of commerce Middle-class mores, however, tend to become the conventional mores, The church, the school, a~d the welfare and “uplift” agencies are middle-class …

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Cultivating Class Ethnocentrism

Cultivating Class Ethnocentrism There is an anecdote of a private tutor in a wealthy family who sought to teach his pupil about the life of the poor. Then the little rich girl wrote a story about the poor, beginning, “Once upon ‘a time there was a very poor family. Everybody was poor. The Papa. Was …

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THE SIGNIFICANCE OF SOCIAL CLASS

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF SOCIAL CLASS Determining Life Chances  From before one is born until one is dead, opportunities and rewards are affected by class position. Poor nutrition for the mother may affect the health and vigor  the fetus before birth, while poverty thereafter continues to handicap the poor. The lower-class person is not only likely to …

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