Category Archive for: Social and Institutions

Latent Functions

Latent Functions These are unintended, unforeseen consequences of institutions. Our economic institutions not only produce and distribute goods, they also sometimes promote technological change and philanthropy and sometimes promote unemployment and inequality. Educational institutions not only educate youth, they also provide mass entertainment and keep the young out of the labor market and, according to some conflict theorists, protect the children of the rich…

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Manifest Functions

Manifest Functions  These are functions which people assume and expect the institution to fulfill. Families should care for children. Economic institutions should produce and distribute goods and direct the flow of capital where it is needed. Schools should educate the young. Manifest functions are obvious, admitted, and generally applauded.


INSTITUTIONAL FUNCTIONS  Society is so complex and interrelated that it impossible to foresee all consequences of an action, Institutions have manifests functions  which’ arc the professed objectives of the institution, and Intent functions, which are unintended and may be unrecognized, or, if recognized, regarded as by-products [Merton, 1957 lz].

Codes of Behavior

Codes of  Behavior The people involved in institutional behavior must be prepared to carry out their appropriate roles. The roles are often expressed in formal codes, such as the oath of allegiance to the country, the marriage vows, the medical profession’s oath of Hippocrates, and the codes of  chits of several other groups A formal Code of behavior, however’ impressive, is…

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INSTITUTIONAL TRAITS I Cultural Symbols People have developed symbol” which serve as a shorthand reminder of the institution. The citizen is reminded of allegiance to government by the flag; to religion by a crucifix, crescent, or Star of David: to the family by a wedding ring; to education by the school colors or animal totem (mascot); and to the system of economic controls by…

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF INSTITUTIONS The Process of Institutionalization Institutions emerge as the largely unplanned products of social living. People grope for practical ways of meeting their needs; they find some’ workable patterns which harden  through repetition into standardized customs. As time passes, these patterns acquire a body of supporting folklore which justifies and sanctions them. The, custom of “dating” developed as a means…

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Institutions and Associations

Institutions and Associations Institutions do not have members they have followers. This is a subtle but important distinction. Let us illustrate: A reugion is not a group of people: a religion is a system of ideas, beliefs, practices, and relationships. A church is an association of people who accept the beliefs and follow the practices of a particular religion. Unless there are…

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THE INSTITUTIONAL CONCEPT What is an institution? The sociological concept is different from the common usage. An institution is not a building it is not a group of people it is not an organization. An institution is a system of norms achieve some goal or activity that people feel is important, or, more formally, an organized cluster of folkways and mores centered…

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