Category Archive for: ROLES AND STATUS

Ascription BY MERIT

Ascription BY MERIT We may today have developed a’form of quasi ascription through our trend toward meritocracy. A meritocracy  is a social system in which status is assigned according to merit, .and today, merit is most commonly measured by scores on standard sized tests which control access to educational programs and occupational roles. If one assumes that these scores are reasonably .stable for…

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Status of the Aged

Status of the Aged Old, in many primitive or traditional societies, is highly honored, perhaps because, in such a society, the old are closest to the source of hallowed tradition. Thus in pre-Communist China, the grandmother was the reigning female in the multiple-family home and the grandfather was a patriarch whose whim was close to law. In agricultural societies, it was practical  for…

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ASCRIPTION BY AGE

ASCRIPTION  BY AGE. In no society are children adults, and the aged treated alike. Age roles vary greatly among societies. American children spend their childhood in pampered play while Navajo children tend sheep and do weaving at an early age; the aged in revolutionary hina were honored authority figures within the family as long as they lived, while the American’ aged most often retire…

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ASCRIPTION BY SEX

ASCRIPTION BY SEX Although role training may be largely unconscious, it is no less real. As it noted American educator has remarked “Adults ask little boys what they want to be when they grow up. They ask little girls where they got that pretty dress.” No wonder that by adolescence boys were concerned about careers while girls were preoccupied with gentle married. This…

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ASCRIBED AND ACHIEVED STATUS AND ROLE

ASCRIBED AND ACHIEVED STATUS AND ROLE Statuses and roles are of two. sorts: those ascribed to us by our society, irrespective of individual qualities or efforts, and those we achieve through our’ own efforts [Linton, 1936, chap. 8]. . . To illustrate the difference: Princess is an ascribed status. One does not become a princess through ability or choice or effort. One is…

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Role Behavior

Role Behavior While a role is the behavior expected of one in a particular- status, role behavior is the actual behavior of one who plays a role. Actual role behavior may vary from expected behavior for a number of reasons. One may not see the role the same way others see it, one’s personality characteristics affect how one feels about the role,…

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Role Sets

Role Sets  The-term role set is used to indicate that a status may have not just a single role but a number of related behaviors. Meanwhile, one may fill several different role sets at the same time. A person may be a business manager, a parent, a church officer, a reservist in the National Guard, and a prominent civic leader. This multiplicity…

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Social Roles and Personality

Social Roles and Personality The little boy who takes the role of the father while playing house is aware that he must think and act in a different manner than when he is simply playing his own role, that of child. At first he may have little understanding of the reasons underlying a father’s actions, but this understanding grows and…

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SOCIALIZATION THROUGH RULES AND STATUS

SOCIALIZATION THROUGH RULES AND STATUS Each person most learn to rules child, student, probably husband or wife, parent  employee, organization member or officer, member, of a particular race and social class, citizen, resident of  a community, and many others. Role learning involves at least two aspects: (1) We must learn to perform the duties and claim the privileges of the…

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