Ecclesiastes Some countries have an official or state religion known as the ecclesia e religious organization that is so integrated into the dominant culture that it claims as its membership all members of a society. Membership in the ecclesia occurs as a result of being born into the society, rather than by any conscious decision 011 the part of individual members. …

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Cults  A cult is a loosely organized religious group with practices and teachings outside the dominant cultural and religious traditions of a society, Although many people view cults negatively, some major religions (including Judaism, Islam, and Christianity) and some denominations (such as the Mormons) started as cults. Cult leadership is based on clwrismaiic characteristics (personal magnetism or mystical leadership) of the individual leader, …

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Trends in Religion in the United States

Trends in Religion in the United States As we have seen throughout this chapter, religion in the United States is very diverse. Pluralism and religious freedom are among the cultural values most widely espoused, and no state church or single denomination predominates. Protestants constitute the largest religious body in the United States, followed by Roman Catholics, Muslims, Jews, Eastern churches, and others.

Religion and Social Inequality

Religion and Social Inequality Social science research continues to identify significant patterns between social class and religious denominations. Historically those denominations with the mostaffluent members and the highest social status have been the mainline liberal churches, such as the Episcopalians, the Presbyterians, and the Congregationalists. The earliest members of some of these churches in the United States were immigrants from Britain. …

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Race and Class in Central-City and Suburban Churches

Race and Class in Central-City and Suburban Churches  As more middle- and upper-income individuals and families moved to the suburbs during the twentieth century, some churches followed the members of their congregations to the suburbs.  pattern is known as “upgrading” and results in the church having newer facilities and more members who are in the upper-middle and upper classes. Meanwhile, the church’s former …

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Secularization and the Rise of Religious Fund sentimentalism

Secularization and the Rise of Religious Fund sentimentalism How strong is the influence of religion in contemporary life? Some analysts believe that secularization the decline in the significance of the sacred in daily life-has occurred; consequently, there has been a resurgence of religious fundamentalism among some groups. Fundamentalism is a traditional religious doctrine that is conservative, is typically opposed to modernity, and rejects …

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Religion in the Future

Religion in the Future Debates over religion, particularly issues such as secularization and fundamentalism, will no doubt continue; however. many social scientists believe that religion is alive and well In the United States and in other nations of the world. Not only nre we seeing the creation or new religious forms, but we are also seeing a dramatic revitalization of traditional …

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RELIGION  The Sociological  Study of Religion What is religion? Religion is a system of beliefs and practices (rituaIs)-based on some sacred or supernatural realm-that guides human behavior, gives meaning to life, and unites believers into a single moral community (Durkheim, 1995/1912). Religion is one of the most significant social institutions in society, As such, it consists of a variety of elements, …

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