Max Weber’s Response to Marx Whereas

Max Weber’s Response to Marx Whereas Marx believed that religion retards social change. Weber argued just the opposite. For Weber. religion could be a catalyst to produce social change. In The Ptotestaut Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1976/1904- 1905). Weber asserted that the religious teachings of John Calvin are directly related to the rise of apitalism. Calvin emphasized the doctrine of …

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Symbolic interaction

Symbolic interaction Perspectives on Religion Thus far. we have been looking at religion primarily from a macro level perspective. Symbolic interactionists focus their attention on a microleve analysis examines the meanings people give to religion in their everyday lives. Religion as a Reference Group For many people. religion serves as a reference group to help them define themselves. For example. religious symbols have meaning …

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Her Religion and His Religion

Her Religion and His Religion Not all people interpret religion in the same way. In virtoally all religions. women have much Jessinfluence in establishing social definitions of appropriate gender roles both within the religious community and in the larger community. Therefore, women and men may belong to the same religious group, but their individual religion will not necessarily be a carbon copy …

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World Religions

World Religions Although there are many localized religions throughout the world. those religions classified as world religious cover vast expanses of the Earth and have millions of followers. Six world religions ISLAM, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Judaism,and Christianity- have more than four billion adherents, almost 75 percent of the world’s population.


Hinduism We begin with Hinduism because it is believed to be one of the world’s oldest current religions. having originated along the banks of th~ Indus River in Pakistan between 3,500 and 4,500 years agq. Hinduism began before written records were kept, so modern scholars have only limited information about its earliest leaders and their teachings (Kurtz. )995). Hindu beliefs and practices …

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Buddhism When Buddhism first emerged in India some twentyfive hundred years ago, it was thought of as a “new religious movement; arising as it did around the sixth century B.C.£., after many earlier religions had become virtually defunct. Buddhism’s founder, Siddhartha Gautama of the Sakyas (also known as Gautama Buddha), was born about 563 D.C.£. into the privileged caste. His father was …

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Confucianism Corifucianism=-which means the “fanlilr of scholars started as a school of thought or a tradition of learning before its eventual leader, Confucius. was born (Wei-ming,1995). Confucius (the Latinized form of K’ung Fu-tzu) lived in China between 551 and 479 B.C.E. and emerged as a teacher at about the same time that the Buddha became a significant figure in India. COllfucius’- whose …

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Judaism Although Judaism has fewer adherents worldwide than some.other major religions. Its influence is deeply felt in Western culture. Today. there are an estimated 18 million Jews residing in about 134 countries worldwide; however. the majority reside in the United States or Israel (J.Wright. 1997). Central to contemporary Jewish belief is monotheism. the idea of a single god. called Yahweh, the God of …

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Christianity Along with Judaism and Islam, Christianity follows the Abrahamic tradition, tract lots to Abraham and Sarah. Although Jews Christians share common scriptures in the portir 1 or the Bible known to Christians as the “Old Testan .ent,’ they interpret them differently. The Christian teachings in the “New Testament” present a world view in which the old covenant between God and humans, …

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Types of Religious Organization

Types of Religious Organization Religious groups vary widely in their organizational structure. Although some groups are large and somewhat bureaucratically organized, others are small and have a relatively informal authority structure. Some require total commitment of their members; others expect members to have only a partial commitment. Sociologists have developed typologies or ideal types  of religious organization to enable them to study …

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