Category Archive for: Race And Ethnic Relation


THE SCIENTIFIC VIEW OF RACE DIFFERENCES It is clear that the races differ in some inherited physical characteristics. May they also vary in their inborn intellectual and emotional characteristics? This is a reasonable logical possibility. Is it a fact? Is it true of nonracial ethnic groups as well?

Physical Race Differences Are Unimportant

Physical Race Differences Are Unimportant All races are. approximately alike in every important physical characteristic. With a Yew exceptions (such as that a dark skin is useful under tropical sun), the differences are cosmetic not functional. The physical differences within the human species are very modest compared with the differences within’ many species-dogs or horses, for example. Most scientists today are agreed that all races…

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AMALGAMATION AND ASSIMILATION Ethnic groups are not necessarily permanent I and sometimes disappear through assimilation or amalgamation. Assimilation refers to a cultural fusion ill which two groups blend their cultures so that they become one. There is usually an exchange of cultural traits, although this may be primarily-a case of one group absorbing the other’s culture. An example is “Americanization,in which immigrant groups…

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PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION  Whenever it, is possible to assign people to different groups, there is’ a tendency to  velop stereotypes about them (prejudice) and to treat them on the basis of these qualities (discrimination).’ Prejudice comes from two Latin words, prae (before) and, judicum (a judgment). It implies a judgment expressed before knowing all the facts. There seem to be five…

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Genocide: The Ultimate Form of Discrimination

Genocide: The Ultimate Form of Discrimination Hitler sought to carry out the “final solution to what he called the “Jewish question” through the complete extermination of all the Jews in Europe. [Charney, 1982; Kuper, 1982], Jews were herded into cattle cars, transported to concentration camps, and systematically gassed. By the end of World War II in 1945, most of the Jews in…

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APPROACHES TO ETHNIC POLICIES For a period immediately following World War II, Americans engaged in bitter controversy over whether “white supremacy” and black segregation should be maintained. While this had been the prevailing pattern during previous history, a growing number of both whites and blacks advocated a “color-blind” policy of treating individuals (In their own merit without regard Lotheir ethnic identity. Demonstrations, court…

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The Individual-Rights Approach

The Individual-Rights Approach Soviet critics of the United States correctly note that, unlike the Soviet Union, the United States does not guarantee legal protection to the cultures of ethnic minorities. If ethnic art, language, religion, or literature endure, it. is through voluntary effort not government support. This approach, sometimes labeled “integration,” holds that the United States should protect the basic freedoms of all…

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The Group-Rights Approach

The Group-Rights Approach In the United States we have assumed that all immigrants would become, “Americanized” and assimilated to an “American” culture that i~ heavily English in flavor. In much of the rest of.,netherworld, national governments have taken it for granted that ethnic differ-‘ fences would persist and should be protected. An emphasis on group rights means that the government supports the…

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SEPARATISM  Subordinate ethnic groups have often supported independence movements in an effort to withdraw completely from political involvement with another ethnic group. Many Third World representatives say that American racial minorities are essentially colonies and should separate from the rule of the majority  Puerile’ Africans Chicano and Cameramen blacks all have separatist movements, but none-has attracted a mass following, In Puerto-Rican elections;…

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CULTURAL PLURALISM Lultural pluralism is a for of accommodation in which ethnic groups retain their distinct cultural differences and traditions, while cooperating peacefully and relatively equally in political,. economic, and social life. The standard ex. ample of central pluralism is Switzerland, where Protestants and Catholics have been able to live agreeably under the same government, while speaking German, French, or . Italian. Since Swiss citizens…

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