Category Archive for: POPULATION AND URBANIZATION

Preindustrial Cities

Postindustrial Cities TIle largest preindustrial city was Rome; hy 100 C.E. it may have had a population of 650,000 (Chandler and Fox, 1974). With the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 C.E., the nature of European cities changed. Seeking protection and survival, those persons who lived ill urban settings typically did so in walled cities containing no more than 25.000 people.…

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Emergence and Evolution of the City

Emergence and Evolution of the City Cities arc a relatively recent innovation when compared with the length of human existence. The earliest humans arc believed to have emerged anywhere from 40,000 to 1,000,000 years ago, and permanent human settlements arc believed to have begun first about 8000 B.C.E.However, some scholars date the development of the first between 3500 and 3100 B.C.£., depending…

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Urbanization in Global Perspective

Urbanization in Global Perspective Urban  is a sub field of sociology that examines  social relationships and political and economic structures in the dry. According to urban sociologists, a city is a relatively dense and permanent settlement of people who secure their livelihood primarily through non agricultural activities. Although cities have existed for thousands of years, only about 3 percent of…

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A Brief Glimpse at International Migration Theories

A Brief Glimpse at International Migration Theories Why do people relocate from one nation to another? Several major theories have been developed in an attempt to explain international migration. The steal.Steal approach assumes that migratian patterns occur based on geographic differences in the supply of and demand for labor, The United States and other high-income countries that have had growing economics and a limited…

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Demographic Transition Theory

Demographic Transition Theory Some scholars who disagree with the neo-Malthusian  viewpoint suggest that the theory of demographic transition offers a more accurate picture of future population growth. Demographic tra7lsitioll is the process by which some societies have moved (rom high birth and death rates to relatively low birth and death rates as a result of technological development.  emographic transition is…

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The Neo-Malthusian Perspective

The Neo-Malthusian Perspective More eccentrically-MathcallS (or “new Malthusians”) have reemphasized the dangers of overpopulation. To neo-Malthusians, Earth is “a dying planet” with too many people and too Lillie food. compounded by environmental degradation. Overpopulation and rapid population growth result in global environmental problems. ranging from global warming and rain-forest destruction to famine and vulnerability to epidemics (Ehrlich. Ehrlich. and Daily. 1995). Unless…

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The Marxist Perspective

The Marxist Perspective Among those who attacked the ideas of Malthus were Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. According to Marx and Engels, the food supply is not threatened by overpopulation; technologically. it is possible to produce the food and other goods needcd to meet the demands of a growing population. Marx and Engels viewed poveny  as a consequence of the…

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Population Growth in Global Context

Population Growth in Global Context What are the consequences ‘of global population growth? Scholars do not agree on the answer 10 this question. Some biologists have warned that Earth is a finite ecosystem that cannot support the 10 billion people predicted by 2050; however, some economists  have emphasized that free-market capitalism is capable of developing innovative ways to solve such problems. The…

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Sex Ratios ofthe u.s. Population Compared by Race and Ethnicity

Sex Ratios of the u.s. Population Compared by Race and Ethnicity. According to the Census Bureau, the U.S.population In 2003 was made up of 147.’ million.females (50.8 percent of the population) and 143.0 million males (49.2 percent of the population). Using this data. the Census Bureau computes the sex ratio (which it refers to as the male-female ratio) for…

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Immigration and the Changing Facets) of the United States

Immigration and the Changing Facets) of the United States Throughout u.s. history, immigration has had a profound effect on our nation. Chances are very good that almost. all of us can trace our heritage and our family roots to one or more  other nations where our ancestors lived before comingto the United States. Immigration has also been a controversial topic…

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