Category Archive for: Politics And Government in Global Perspective

The U.S. Political System

The U.S. Political System  The U.S political system is made up of formal clements, such as the legislative process and the duties of the president, and informal elements, such as the role of political parties in the election process. We now turn to an examination of these informal elements, including political parties, political socialization, and voter participation.

Critique of Pluralist and Elite Models

Critique of Pluralist and Elite Models Pluralist and elite models each make a unique contribution to our understanding of power. The pluralist model emphasizes that. many different groups, not just elected officials. compete for power and advantage in society. This model also shows how coalitions may shift. over time and how elected officials may be highly responsive to public opinion on some…

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Class Conflict Perspectives

Class Conflict Perspectives Most contemporary elite models are based on the work 01 Karl Marx however there are divergent view about the role of the state within the Marxist is conflict perspective. Instrumental Marxist. able that the state invariably acts to perpetuate the capitalist class. From this perspective, capitalists control the government through special interest groups, lobbying, campaign financing. and other types…

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William Domhoff and the Ruling Class

William Domhoff and the Ruling Class Sociologist G. Wuliam Domhoff (2002) asserts that this nation in fact has a roiling class-the corporate rich. who constitute less than 1 percent of the U.S. population. Domhoff uses the term rutting class to signify a relatively fixed group of privileged people who wield power sufficient to constrain political…

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Wright Mills and the Power Elite

Wright Mills and the Power Elite Who makes up the U.S. power elite? According to the sociologist C. Wright Mills (1959). the power is made up of leaders at the top of business, the executive branch of the federal government, and the military. Of these three. Mills speculated that ·the “corporate rich” (the highest-paid officers of the biggest corporations) were the…

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Key Elements

Key Elements Contemporary elite models are based on the following assumptions (Dye and Zeigler, 2008) • Decisions are made by the elite, which possesses greater wealth, education, status, and other resources than do the “masses” it governs. • Consensus exists among the elite on the basic values and goals of society; however, consensus does not exist among most people in society…

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Conflict Perspectives: Elite Models

Conflict Perspectives: Elite Models Although conflict theorists acknowledge that the government serves a number of important purposes in society. they assert that government exists for the benefit of wealthy or politically powerful elites who use the government to impose their will on the masses. According to the elite model, power in political systems is concentrated in the hands of a small…

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Political Action Committees

Political Action Committees The funding of lobbying efforts has become more complex in recent years. Reforms in campaign finance laws in the 1970s set limits 011 direct contributions to political candidates and led to the creation of political action committees (PACs)-organizations of special interest groups that solicit contributions from donors and fund campaigns to help elect (or defeat) candidates based on their stances…

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Key Elements

Key Elements Political scientists Thomas R. Dye and Harmon Zeigler (2008) have summarized the key elements of pluralism as follows: • The diverse needs of women and men, people of all religions and racial-ethnic backgrounds. and the wealthy. middle class. and poor are met by political leaders who engage in a process of bargaining, accommodation. and compromise. • Competition among leadership…

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Traditional Authority

Traditional Authority According to Weber, traditional authority is power that is legitimized on the basis of long-standing custom. In pre industrial societies, the authority of traditional leaders, such as kings, queens, pharaohs. emperors. and religious dignitaries, is usually grounded in religious beliefs and custom. For example, British kings and queens historically traced their authority from God. Members of subordinate classes obey a…

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