Category Archive for: Politics And Government in Global Perspective

Types of Terrorism

Types of Terrorism Terrorism is the use of calculated, unlawful physical force or threats of violence against a government, organization, or individual to gain some political, religious, economic, or social objective. Terrorist tactics include bombing, kidnapping, hostage taking, hijacking, assassination, and extortion (Vetter and Perlstein, 1991). Although terrorists sometimes attack government officials and members of the military, they more often target civilians as…

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Terrorism in the United States

Terrorism in the United States eyears 1995 and 2001 stand out in recent U.S. history as the periods when this nation suffered from the two worst terrorist attacks that had ever occurred in the continental United States. The April 1995 bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma City took the lives of 168 adults and children, and injured 850 others. Many…

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War

War Generally speaking, war is organized, armed conflict between nations or distinct political factions. Social scientists deli ne war to include ‘both declared wars between nations or parties and undeclared wars: civil and guerrilla wars, covert operations, and some forms of terrorism. War is an institution that involves violence behavior intended to bring pain, physical injury, and/or psychological stress to people or…

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Politics and Government in the Future

Politics and Government in the Future Thinking about U.S. politics and government in the future is very much like the old story about optimists and pessimists. According to the story. an eight-ounce cup containing exactly four ounces of water is placed on table. The optimist comes in. sees the cup. and says. “The cup is half full,” The pessimist comes in.…

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Political Participation and Election Results

Political Participation and Election Results Democracy in the United States has been defined as a government “of the people. by the people. and for the people” Accordingly. it would stand to reason that “the people” would actively participate in their government at any or all of four levels: (I) voting. (2) attending and taking part in political meetings, (3) actively participating in…

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Political Attitudes

Political Attitudes In addition to the socialization process, people’s socioeconomic status affects their political attitudes, values. and beliefs. For example, individuals who are very poor or are unable to find employment tend to believe that society has failed them and therefore tend to he indifferent toward the political system  Believing that casting a ballot would make no difference to their own circumstances.…

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Political Participation and Voter Apathy

Political Participation and Voter Apathy Why do some people vote whereas others do not? How do people come to think of themselves as being conservative. moderate. or liberal? Key factors include individuals’ political socialization, attitudes and participation. Political Socialization PolItical socialization is the process by which people learn political attitudes. values, and behavior, For young children. the family is the primary agent of…

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Social issues

Social issues Social issues are those relating to moral judgments or civil rights. ranging from abortion rights to g control. Other social issues include the rights of people of color and persons with a disability, school prayer, and the environment. For example, persons with a liberal perspective on social issues tend to believe that women have the right to an abortion…

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Ideal Type Versus Reality

Ideal Type Versus Reality How well do the parties measure up to the ideal-type characteristics of a political party as described here? Although both parties have been quite successful at getting their candidates elected at various times, they generally do not meet the ideal characteristics of a political party. m0mas Dye and Harmon Zeigler (2008) suggest several reasons for that failure. First.…

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Political Parties and Elections

Political Parties and Elections A political party is an organization whose purpose is to gain and hold legitimate control of government; it is usually composed of people with similar attitudes, interests, and socioeconomic status. A political party (J) develops and articulates policy positions, (2) educates voters about issues and simplifies the choices for them, and (3) recruits candidates who agree with those…

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