Category Archive for: HEALTH CARE AND DISABILITY

A.Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: The Social Construction of Illness

A.Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: The Social Construction of Illness Symbolic interactionists attempt to understand the specific meanings and causes that w.: attribute to particular events. In studying health. symbolic intcracrionists focus 011 the meanings that social actors give their illness or disease and how these affect people’s self-concept and relationships with others. According to symbolic interactionists, we sod ally construct “h ealth” and “illness”…

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A Conflict Perspective: Inequalities in Health and Health Care

A Conflict Perspective: Inequalities in Health and Health Care Unlike the functionalist approach, conflict theory emphasizes the political, economic. and social forces that affect health and the health care delivery system. Among the issues of concern to contlict theorists arc the ability of all people to obtain health care; how race, class, and gender inequalities affect health and health care: power…

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Sociological Perspectives on Health and Medicine

Sociological Perspectives on Health and Medicine Functionalist. conflict. symbolic interactionist, and postmodernist perspectives focus on different aspects of health and medicine; each provides us with significant insights on the problems associated with these pressing social concerns. A Functionalist Perspective: The Sick Role According to the functionalist approach, if society is to function as a stable system, it is important torpeople to…

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Holistic Medicine and Alternative Medicine

Holistic Medicine and Alternative Medicine When examining the subject of medicine. it is easy to think only in terms of conventional (or mainstream) medical treatment. By contrast. holistic medicine is an approach to health care that focuses on prevention of illness and disease and is aimed at treating the  whole person-body and mind-rather than just thepart or parts in which…

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Social Implications of Advanced Medical Technology

Social Implications of Advanced Medical Technology Advances in medical technology arc occurring at a speed that is almost unbelievable; however. sociologists and other social scientists have identified specific social implications of some of the new technologies (set! Weiss and Lonnquist, 1009): 1. 71,e /lCII’ technologies cre<lte options fllrpcople and for  , bill options that alter human relationships.An example is the ability…

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Paying for Medical Care in Other Nations

Paying for Medical Care in Other Nations Other industrialized industrializing countries do not leave their citizens in the situation in which some people in the United States find themselves. Let’s examine how other nations pay for health care.  Canada Prior to the ) 9605. Canada’s health caresystem was similar to that of the United States today. However, in 1962…

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Paying for Medical Care in the United States

Paying for Medical Care in the United States The United States and the Union of South Africa arc the only developed nations without some form of universal health coverage for all citizens. Before we examine the health care systems of several other nations. however. let’s look more closely at ou r own system. Private Health Insurance Part of the reason that the…

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Medicine Today

Medicine Today Throughout its history in the United States. medical care has been on a fee-for-service basis: Patients arc billed individually for each service they receive, ineluding treatment by doctors. labo atory work. hospital visits. prescriptions, and other health-related e penses. Fee for service is an expensive way to deliver health care because there arc few restrictions on the fees charged…

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The Rise of Scientific Medicine and Professionalism

The Rise of Scientific Medicine and Professionalism Although medicine had been previously viewed more as an art than as a science. several significant discoveries during the nineteenth century in areas such as back teriology and anesthesiolog y began to give medicineincreasing credibility as a science (Nuland, )997). At the same time that these discoveries were occurring, the ideology of science was…

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Health Care in the United States

Health Care in the United States Understanding health (are as it exists in the United Slates today requires a brief examination of its history. During the nineteenth century. people became doctors in this country either through apprenticeships. purchasing a mail-order diploma. completing high school and attending a series of lectures, or obtaining bachelor’s and M.D. degrees and studying abroad for…

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