Category Archive for: GROUP AND ASSIGNATION

REFERENCE GROUPS

REFERENCE GROUPS  There are groups which are important to us as models even though we may not be a part of the group. the opinions of “high society” may be important to the social climber who has not yet made the social register. At times the in groan and the reference group m~y be the same, as when the teenager gives”plOre weight…

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STEREOTYPES

STEREOTYPES As type is a group sheered  of people. Stereotypes can ~ positive (the kindly, dedicated family doctor), negative option politician), or fussy sexless old-maid tea Stereotypes are applied  indiscriminately to all members, of the stereotyped group without allowance individual differences Stereo types Marseilles entirely use for they must bear  remembrance to the character of the persona’stereotyped. or they would not be recognized. But stereotypes are always distorted,·…

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Stereotypes and Humor

Stereotypes and Humor Out-groups are often shown in stereotyped ways which emphasize their imperfections. This prevents us from seem them as individual human beings with the normal unimportant of virtues and vices. Stereotypes enable us to apply a double standard under which we assume the best of our own group and Ute worst of others.…

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Significance of Stereotypes

Significance of Stereotypes  Stereotypes are standard weapons of political debate. Treatment in terms of the stereotype may encourage people to become more like- the stereotype even when it is an unflattering one. We recall from tile study of socialization and the looking- glass self in Chapter 4 how people tend to become what others think them to be: When worries were generally assumed…

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TASK GROUPS

TASK GROUPS Some groups are neither clearly primary nor secondary but are intermediate with some. features of each. Task groups (or task-oriented groups) are small groups formed to do some task or ser of tasks [Nixon, 1979, p. 18]. They include work teams, committees, and panels of many sorts. Some scholars consider the task group to be the most common form of group…

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GEMEINSCHAFT AND GESELLSCHAFT

GEMEINSCHAFT AND GESELLSCHAFT  Somewhat similar to the concept of primary and secondary groups are the concepts of Gemeinsclwft and GesellsduJft, developed  y the German sociologist Ferdinand Tennies [1887, tr. 1957]. These two terms translate  “community” and “society.’” The gemeinschaft is a social system in which most relationships are personal or traditional, and often both. A good. example is· the feudal manor, a small…

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The Secondly Group Trend

The Secondly Group Trend Our sentiments and ties are centered in primary groups the modern trend toward a selectness  society based on secondary  groups has been irre & istjble . The small principalities of feudal Europe have given way to national state  and the intimate association of master and worker in the guild  workshop has yielded to the giant corporation employing thousands…

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Contributions of the Gesellschaft

Contributions of the Gesellschaft While the trend to secondary-group relationships in the gesellschaft has brought sacrifices, it has also brought benefits. Mostobvim} s is the efficiency of large-scale impersonal or~anizations in which sentiment surrenders to. practicality. The huge gains in material comfort and in life expectancy in the modem world would be impossible without the rise of goal-directed secondary organizations in which the paternal…

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GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL

GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL As shown in Chapter 4, it is through group experience that human beings become distinctively tumult. We enter the world as animals with extraordinary learning capacities (and-according to most religions, with a soul). It is through group experience that we internalize the norms of our culture, and come to share values, goals, sentiments, and most of what sets us apart…

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