Category Archive for: FIELD AND METHODS OF SOCIOLOGY

Subcultures and Countercultures

Subcultures and Countercultures  Every modern society includes some group of people who share some complexes which are not shared by the rest of that society Immigrant groups, for example, develop blend of the culture of their host nation an of the mother country, The rich.have a lifestyle very different from that of the poor Then “dole sculpture has special styles of behavior, thought,…

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Institutions

Institutions Some clusters of folk ways and mores are more important than others for example, those concerned with forming families and raising children are more important than those concerned with playing football. Organized clusters of folkways and mores dealing with highly important activities are embodied in the social institutions of the society. Institutions include behavior norms, values and ideals, and systems of social…

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CULTURE AS A SYSTEM OF NORMS

CULTURE AS A SYSTEM OF NORMS  Since culture includes the ways in which things should be done, we say that culture is normative, which is an way of saying that it defines standards of conduct. For shaking hands, we extend the right hand this is proper in our culture. For scratching our heads we may use either hand our culture has no…

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LANGUAGE AND SYMBOLIC COMMUNICATIONS.

LANGUAGE AND SYMBOLIC COMMUNICATIONS.  Many animals can exchange feelings through growls, purrs, mating calls, and other sounds. Some animals we off odors or make bodily movements which convey meanings to one another. These sounds and motions are not 1 mucilage, for each is largely or entirely an inborn, instinctive response rather than an acquired, symbolic response. We.do not know whether a dog growls…

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SOCIAL EVOLUTION

SOCIAL EVOLUTION Biological evolution was one of the exciting ideas of the nineteenth century While many scholars contributed to evolutionary theory, its most influential sponsor was the naturalist Charles Darwin. After traveling the world and classifying tens of thousands of present life forms and fossil traces of earlier life forms, he developed, in his Origin of Species (1859), the theory that the human…

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SOCIAL AND CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

SOCIAL AND CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Biological Factors The recent growth of a discipline known as sociology has drawn renewed attention to biological factors in human behavior. Sociology is defined by its most prominent advocate [E. Wilson, 1975, po: 4] as “the systematic study of the biological basis of human behavior.” We shall look at some ways in which the interaction of biology and culture influence…

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Careers in Sociology

Careers in Sociology A student who becomes interested in a subject may wonder what possibilities it holds for a career. A combination of courses which constitutes an undergraduate major or minor  sociology is not, in itself, preparation for a professional career as a sociologist. Undergraduate majors and minors are useful mainly as background preparation for other careers: (1) In social…

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The Use of Concepts in Sociology.

The Use of Concepts in Sociology. Every field of study makes the student memorize many words to which the field attaches special meanings. This is not an idle ritual; ft is done because precise concepts are necessary. First, we expressed concepts to merry on a scientific discussion. How would you explain machinery to a person who had no concept of wheel”? How…

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THE STUDY OF SOCIOLOGY

THE STUDY OF SOCIOLOGY Students are sometimes delighted to find in sociology (or another social science) evidence that some of their parents’ fondest beliefs are outmoded superstitions. But when they find evidence that their own beliefs are scientifically unfounded, their reaction to this correction may not differ gaily from that of their parents, To separate sense from nonsense is one of the objectives…

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The Sociologist as Teacher

The Sociologist as Teacher Teaching is the major career of many sociologists. In addition to the concerns and problems of teaching in any field, the problem of value neutrality versus value commitment is 1977]. This question is receiving much attention in sociological literature (Douglas, 1970; Lee, 1978  Harris, 1980). Whether sociology should be value-free is an unsettled question but sociologists are agreed lion…

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