Category Archive for: FIELD AND METHODS OF SOCIOLOGY

_Unique Experience and Personality

Unique Experience and Personality Why is it that children raised in the same family are so different from one another, even though they have had the same experiences? The point is that they have not had the same experiences; they have had social experiences which are similar in some respects and different in others. Each child enters a different family unit. One…

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MULTIPLE GROUPS AND SOCIALIZATION

MULTIPLE GROUPS AND SOCIALIZATION  All complex societies have ,many groups and subcultures  with differing and sometimes opposing standards. One is presented with models of behavior which are rewarded at one time and punished at another, or approved by some groups and condemned by others. Thus the boy learns that he should be “tough” and able to “stand up for his rights,” yet at…

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Culture and Social Adjustment

Culture and Social Adjustment Some cultural norms seem to interfere with the meeting of basic human needs. During our Great Depression of the 1930 s we recognized that there was something very wrong when adults were idle and children were hungry while work-went undone and food rotted in the fields. The norms of the culture may cultivate certain feelings, such as guilt, personal…

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XENOCENTRISM

XENOCENTRISM  This word means a preference for the foreign. It is the exact opposite of ethnocentrism Shills  1972; Wilson 1976]. It is the belief that our own products, styles, or ideas are necessarily inferior to those which originate elsewhere. It is the conviction that the exotic has a special charm which the familiar can never achieve. It is based on the…

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Effects of Ethnocentrism

Effects of Ethnocentrism  Is ethnocentrism good or bad for people? First, we should have to decide how to define Allen  innovations? From the Biblical Hebrews t nineteenth century Japan, ethnocentrism has been used to discourage the acceptance .of alien elements into the culture. Such efforts  to prevent culture change are never entirely successful change came to both the Hebrews and the Japanese. Yet…

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Personality and Ethnocentrism

Personality and Ethnocentrism  All groups stimulate the growth of ethnology centrism, but not all members of the group are equally ethnocentric. There is some evidence that many people in American society develop a personality which .is predisposed to ethnocentrism. How can we explain this? One answer is that some of us are strongly ethnocentric as a defense against our own inadequacies. At one…

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ETHNOCENTRISM

ETHNOCENTRISM  T; ere is an Eskimo tribe who call themselves the Inuit, which translates as “the real people” [Herbert, 1973, p. 2]. Sumner called this outlook ethnocentrism, formally defined as “that view of things in which one’s own group is the center of everything and all others are scaled and rated with reference to it” [Sumner, 1906, p. 13]. Stated less formally,…

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REAL AND IDEAL CULTURE

REAL AND IDEAL CULTURE In most societies some behavior patterns are generally condemned yet widely practiced. In some places these illicit behavior patterns have existed for centuries side by side with the cultural norms which are supposed to outlaw them. Malinowski cites as an example of this type of behavior the Trobriand Islanders, a group whose incest taboos extend to third and fourth…

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Cultural Relativism

Cultural Relativism  We cannot possibly understand the actions of other groups if we analyze them in terms of our motives and values; we must interpret their behavior in the light of their motives habits, and values if we are to understand them. Consider, for example, the administrator of justice in the far North. The Canadian Mounties are occasionally called to…

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Cultural Integration The culture of the Plains Indians centered upon the buffalo. From its carcass they drew most of their material culture as they used its flesh, hides, tendons, bones, sacs men braes and many other parts for one purpose or another. Their religion was mainly directed at ensuring the success of the buffalo hunt. Their status system measured success largely according to…

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