Category Archive for: FAMILIES AND INTIMATE RELATIONSHIPS

Functionalist Perspectives

Functionalist Perspectives Functionalists emphasize the importance of the famine maintaining the stability of society and the well being of individuals. According to Emile Durkheim, marriage is a microcosmic replica of the larger society; both marriage and society involve a mental and moral fusion of physically distinct individuals (Lehmann. 1994). Durkheim also believed that a division of labor contributes to greater efficiency in…

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Conflict and Feminist Perspectives

Conflict and Feminist Perspectives Conflict and feminist analysts view functionalist perspectives on the role of the family in society as idealized and inadequate. Rather than operating harmoniously and for the benefit of all members, families are sources of social inequality and conflict over values, goals, and access to resources and power. According to some conflict theorists, families in capitalist economies are similar…

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Symbolic Interventionist Perspectives

Symbolic Interventionist Perspectives Early symbolic interactionists such as Charles Horton Cooley and George Herbert Mead provided key insights on the roles we play as family members and how we modify or adapt our roles to the expectations of others-especially significant others such as parents. grandparents, siblings, and other relatives. How does the family influence the individual’s self-concept and identity? Contemporary symbolic interventionist perspectives examine…

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Postmodernist Perspectives

Postmodernist Perspectives Although postmodern theorists disparage the idea that a universal theory can be developed to explain social life. a postmoderrust perspective might provide insights on questions such as this: How is family life different in the “information age”? Social scientist David Elkind (1995) describes the postmodern family as pe”/’mcable-capable of being diffused or invaded in such a manner that an entity’s…

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Developing Intimate Relationships and Establishments

Developing Intimate Relationships and Establishments The United States has been described as a “nation of lovers”, It has been said that we are “In love with love.” Why is this so? Perhaps the answer lies in the fact that face ideal culture emphasizes romantic love, which refers to a deep emotion. the satisfaction of Significant needs, a caring for and acceptance…

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Love and Intimacy

Love and Intimacy In the late nineteenth century. during the Industrial Revolution. people came to view work and home as separate spheres in which different feelings and emotions were appropriate (Coontz, 1992). The public sphere of work-men’s sphere-emphasized self reliance and independence. By contrast, the private sphere of the home-women’s sphere-emphasized the. giving of services, the exchange of gifts, and love. Accordingly, love…

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Cohabitation and Domestic Partnerships

Cohabitation and Domestic Partnerships Attitudes about cohabitation have changed in the four decades. Until recently. the Census Bureau fined cohabitation as the sharing of a household hl one man and one woman who are not related to each other by kinship or marriage. but now the Census Bureau is using a more inclusive definition. For our purposes. we will define cohabitation…

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Marriage

Marriage Why do people get married? Couples get married for a variety of reasons. Some do so because they are “in love,” desire companionship and sex. want to have children. feel social pressure. are attempting to escape from a bad situation in their parents’ home. or believe that they will have more money or other resources if they get married. These…

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Teenage Pregnancies

Teenage Pregnancies Teenage pregnancies are a popular topic in the media and political discourse. and the United States has the highest rate of teen pregnancy in the Western industrialized world (National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. 1997). In 2006 the total number of live births per 1.000 women aged IS to 17 was 22.0. and for women who were 18 and…

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Housework and Child-Care Responsibilities

Housework and Child-Care Responsibilities 1bday. over 50 percent of all marriages in the United States are dual-earner marritlges marriages in which both spouses are in the labor force. More than half of all employed women hold full-time. year-round jobs, Even when their children are very young. most working mothers work full time. For example. in 2005 more than 60 percent of employed…

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