Student Cliques

Student Cliques The clique is a small group of close friends, usually of similar rank in the school status system. It is a primary group united by shared interests and friendship. Each classroom usually has two or more diques and some dyads (two-person groups) and isolates. A single student leader occasionally unites’ an entire class in support for or opposition to some cause…

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Student Status Systems

Student Status Systems Within the school, there is a status system ..which resembles the social-class system of adult society (discussed in Chapter 14). Just . as there are upper and lower classes in adult society, there are upper and lower classes in . the school. Membership is largely according to the students’ family class background. Most schools cover a considerable range of class…

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Interaction in the School

Interaction in the School Systemic interaction in the school system may be viewed from at least three. different. perspectives: (1) the relation between insiders and outsiders, (2) the relation between different kinds of Insiders, and (3) the-relation between insiders in the same positions. The person most obviously involved in relationships outside the system is the superintendent of schools. This is the person held…

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THE SCHOOL AS A SOCIAL SYSTEM “No man is an island” said John Donne a seventeenth century poet and clergyman. Sociologists say the same thing when they say . that each person is a part of a social system; The school does not consist only of administrators, .teachers, and students whose individual traits are silpada together. Rather, the school is a social…

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Contest Versus Sponsored Educational

Contest Versus Sponsored Educational Mobility One aspect of the educational institutions of every society is the set of assumptions about who needs education and how much. The proportion of youth going on to college varies tremendously between societies, as shown in Table 12-1, and now ranges from roughly 50 percent of all college-age youth in the United States to about.1 percenr.In the…

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Noninstitutionalized Education

Noninstitutionalized Education Much education is informal and even unconscious. Children learn a great deal in the home, 011 the playground, ana in the streets. Often this cancels out much that they should be learning in school. Possibly, television is the greatest noninstitutionalized educator. Byage 18, an American youth will have spent more time watching TV than attending school [Mayer, 1983]. Television offers…

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INDUSTRY EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS. Educational programs are operated by many large corporations and are aimed at training their own employees. The focus is heavily vocational, but a few include enough of the arts, ,social sciences. and humanities to give their future executives a “well-rounded” college education


APPRENTICESHIP. Apprenticeship may be the oldest educational institution, for it probably preceded formal schools. Some skills are mort;’ easily learned in the work place than in the classroom. Apprenticeship is the standard route for most skilled trades. Apprenticeship is common only where high levels of skill require extended training. Unions generally control apprenticeship, and the common rule requiring that an applicant be sponsored by two…

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CORRESPONDENCE SCHOOLS. Correspondence schools and correspondence courses . offered by accredited colleges and universities make many courses available to part-time and physically isolated students. , . TRADE SCHOOLS. Trade schools of many kinds offer specialized skills- training. Barber and beauty schools, business schools, electronics schools, ‘and many others offer skills training without the “ornamental” subjects. They range from excellent to execrable. Many offer good technical training…

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 THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE MOVEMENT. One of the most significant trends in higher education has been the growing proportion of students attending community colleges. The number of two-year colleges, mostly community colleges, more than doubled between 1960 and 1980 (from 521 to 1,274). They offer low-cost higher education ill or near the students’ hO communities, Many take two year courses preparing for technical or semiprofessional careers of many…

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