Category Archive for: Culture

Functionalist Perspectives

Functionalist Perspectives As previously discussed, functionalist perspectives are based on the assumption that society is a stable, orderly system with interrelated parts that serve specific functions. Anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski (1922) suggested that culture helps people meet their biological needs (including food and procreation), instrumeutal needs (including law and education), and integrative needs (including religion and an). Societies in which people share a…

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Conflict Perspectives

Conflict Perspectives  Connie! perspectives are based on the assumption that social life is II continuous struggle in which members of powerful groups seek to control scarce resources. According to this approach, values and norms help create and sustain the privileged position of the powerful in society while excluding others. As the early conflict theorist Karl Marx stressed, ideas are cultural creations of…

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Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives

Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives Unlike functionalists anti conflict theorists. who locus primarily on rnacrolevel concerns. symbolic interactionists engage in a rnicrolevel analysis that views society as the sum of all people’s interactions. From this perspective. people create, maintain, and modify culture as they go about tbeir everyday activities. Symbols make communication with others possible because they provide us with shared meanings. According to some symbolic…

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Postmodernist Perspectives

Postmodernist Perspectives Postmodernist theorists believe that much of what has been written about culture in the Westem world is Eurocentric- that it is based on the uncritical assumption that European culture (including its dispersed versions in countries such as the United States. Australia, and South Africa) is the true, universal culture in which all the world’s people ought to believe (Lemert,…

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Culture in the Future

Culture in the Future As we have discussed in this chapter. many changes are occurring in the United States. Increasing cultural diversity can either cause long-simmering racial and ethnic antagonisms to come closer to a boiling point or result in the creation of a truly “rainbow culture” in which diversity is respected and encouraged.In the future. the issue of cultural…

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