Subcultures A subculture is a category of people who share distinguishing attributes. beliefs. values, and/or norms that set them apart in some significant manner from the dominant culture. Emerging from the functionalist tradition, this concept has been applied to distinctions ranging from ethnic, religious, regional, and age-based categories to those categories presumed to be “deviant” or marginalized from the larger society. In the …

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The Old Order Amish

The Old Order Amish Having arrived in the United States in the early 1700s, members of the Old Order Amish have fought to maintain their distinct identity. Today, over 75 percent of the more than 100,000 Amish live in Pennsylvania. Ohio, and Indiana, where they practice their religious beliefs and remain a relatively closed social network. According to sociologists, this religious community …

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Ethnic Subcultures

Ethnic Subcultures Some people who have unique shared behaviors linked to a common racial, language, or national background identify themselves as members of a specific subculture, whereas others do not. Examples of ethnic subcultures include African Americans, Latinos/Latinas (Hispanic Americans),  Asian Americans, and Native Americans. Some analysts include “white ethnics” such as Irish Americans. Italian Americans, and Polish Americans. Others also include …

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Countercultures Some subcultures actively oppose the larger society. A counterculture is a group that strongly rejects dominant societal values and norms and seeks alternative lifestyles (Yinger. 1960. 1982). Young people are most likely to join countercultum1 groups, perhaps because younger persons generally have less invested in the existing culture. Examples of countercultures include the beatniks of the 1950 s. the Rower children …

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Culture Shock

Culture Shock Culture shock: is the disorientation that people feel when they encounter cultures radically different from their own and believe they cannot depend on their own taken-far-granted assumptions about life. ‘When people travel to another, society. they. may not know how to respond to that setting. For example, Napoleon Chagnon (1992) described his initial shock at seeing the Yanomamo (pronounced) tribe …

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Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism

Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism When observing people from other cultures, many of us use our own culture as the yardstick by which we judge their behavior. Sociologists refer to this approach as ethnocentrism-the practice of judging all other cultures by one’s own culture (Sumner, 195911906). Ethnocentrism is based on the assumption that one’s own playoff life is superior to all others. For …

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A Global Popular Culture?

A Global Popular Culture? Before taking this course, what was the first thing you thought about when you heard the term culture? In everyday life, culture is often used to describe the fine arts, literature, and classical music. When people say that a person is “cultured,” they may mean that the individual has a highly developed sense of style or aesthetic …

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High Culture and Popular Culture

High Culture and Popular Culture What is the difference between high culture and popular culture? High culture consists of classical music, opera, ballet, live theater, and other activities usually patronized by elite audiences, composed primarily of members of the upper-middle and upper classes, who have the time, money, and knowledge assumed to be necessary for its appreciation. In the United States, high …

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Forms of Popular Culture

Forms of Popular Culture Three prevalent forms of popular culture are fads. fashions. and leisure activities. Afad is a temporary but widely copied activity followed enthusiastically by large numbers of people. Most fads are short-lived novelties. According to the sociologist John Lofland (1993). fnds can be divided into four mnjor catcgories, First, object [ads are items that people purchase despite the fact …

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Sociological Analysis of Culture

Sociological Analysis of Culture Sociologists regard culture as a central ingredient in human behavior, Although nil sociologists share similar purpose. they typically see culture through somewhat different lenses They arc guided by different theoretical perspectives in their research, What do these perspectives tell us about culture?