Language and Social Reality

Language and Social Reality Docs language erate or simply communicate reality? Anthropological linguists Edward Sapir and Benjamin whorf have suggested that language not only expresses our thoughts and perceptions but also influences our perception of reality. According to the Sapir Whorf hypothesis, language shapes the view of reality of its speakers (Whorf, 1956; Sapir, 1961). If people are able to think only through …

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Culture and Society in a Changing World

Culture and Society in a Changing World  Understanding how culture affects our lives helps us develop If sociological imagination. When we meet someone from a culture vastly different from our own, or when we travel-in another country, it may be easier to perceive the enormous influence of culture on people’s lives. However, as our society has become more diverse. and communication among …

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Mores Other Norms

Norms Value provide ideals or beliefs nbout behavior hut do not suue explicitly how we should behave. Norms, on the other hand. do have specific behavioral expectations. Norms are established rules of behavior or standards of conduct. Prescriptive norms stale what behavior is appropriate or acceptable. For example, persons making a certain amount of money are expected to file a tax return …

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Value Contradictions

 Value Contradictions Is it possible for there to be a contradiction between values in a society? Yes, all societies-including the United States-have value contradictions. Value contradictions are values that conflict with one another or are mutually exclusive (achieving one makes it difficult. if not impossible, to achieve another). There are situations in which the core values of morality and humanitarianism may conflict with …

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Values Values are collective Ideas about what Is right or wrong. good or bad. and desirable or undesirable in a particular culture (Williams. 1970). Values do not dictate which behaviors arc appropriate and which ones are not. but they provide us with the criteria by which we evaluate people. objects. and events. Values typically come in pairs of positive and negative …

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Language, Race, and Ethnicity

Language, Race, and Ethnicity Language may create and reinforce our perceptions about race and cthnicity by transmitting preconceived ideas about the superiority of one category of people over another. Let’s look at a few images conveyed by words in the English language in regard to race/cthnicity Words may have more than one meaning and create and/or reinforce negative images. Terms such as blackhearted …

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Language and Gender

Language and Gender What is the relationship between language and gender? What cultural assumptions about women and men docs language reflect? Scholars have suggested several ways in which language and gender <Ireintertwined  The English language ignores women by using the masculine form to refer to human beings in general. For example, the word man is used generically in> words …

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language Language is a set of symbols that expresses ideas and enables people to think and communicate with one another. Verbal (spoken) language and nonverbal (written or gestured) language help us describe reality. One of our,most important human attributes is the ability to use language to share our experiences, feelings, and knowledge with others. Language can create visual images in our head, …

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Symbols A symbol is anything that meaningfully represents something else. Culture could not exist without symbols because there would be no shared meanings among people. Symbols can simultaneously produce loyalty and animosity. and love and hate. TIley help us communicate ideas because they express abstract concepts with visible For example, Rag!’:can stand for patriotism. nationalism, school spirit. or religious beliefs held by …

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Components of Culture

Components of Culture Culture Even though the specifics of individual cultures vary widely, all cultures have four common nonmaterial cultural components: symbols. language, values, and norms. These components contribute to both harmony and strife in II society.