Category Archive for: COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR AND SOCIAL MOVEMENT

Stages in Social Movements

Stages in Social Movements Do all social movements go through similar stages? Not necessarily. but there appear to be identifiable stages in virtually all movements that succeed beyond their initial phase of development. In. the preliminary (or incipience) stag», widespread unrest is present as people begin to become aware of a problem. At this stage, leaders emerge to agitate others into…

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Types of Social Movements

Types of Social Movements Social movements arc difficult to classify  however, sociologists  distinguish among movements on the of their and the amount of change they seek to produce (Abler. 1966; Lumber, 1974). Some seek to change people whereas others seek to change society. Reform Movements Grass environmental movements are an example  movements. which seek to improve sock  changing some specific aspect of the…

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Social Movements

Social Movements Although col~ behavior is ,short-lived and relatively unorganized. social movements arc longer lasting. arc more organized. and have specific goals or purposes. A social movement is an organized group that acts consciously to promote or resist change through collective action (Goldberg. 1991). Because social oven not become-institutionalized and  outside the political mainstream, they offer. “outsiders” an opportunity to has voices…

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Mass Behavior

Mass Behavior Not all collective behavior takes place in face-to-face collectivities. Mass behavior is collective behavior that takes place when people (who often are geographically separated from one another) respond to the same event in much the same way. For people  to respond in the same way, they typically have commonsources of information that provoke their collective behavior. The most…

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Explanations of Crowd Behavior

Explanations of Crowd Behavior What causes people to act collectively? How do they determine what types of action to take? One of the carties theorists to provide an answer to these questions was Gustav  Bon. a French scholar who focused on crowd psychology in his contagion theory. Contagion Theory  theory focuses on the social-psychological aspects of collective .ior: it attempts…

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Types of Crowd Behavior

Types of Crowd Behavior When we think of a crowd, many of us think of Ilk-segregates. previously defined as a collection of people  who happen to be ill the same place at the same time time but who share little else in common. However, the presence of a relatively large number of people in the same location does not…

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Dynamics of Collective Behavior

Dynamics of Collective Behavior To better understand the dynamics of collective behavior. let’s briefly examine several questions. First.  how do people come to transcend, bypass, or subvertsubvert subvert subvert subvert subvert established institutional patterns and structures? Some environmental activists have found that they cannot get their point across unless they go outside established institutional patterns and organizations. For example. Lois…

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Collective Behavior

Collective Behavior Collective behavior 15 voluntary. often bounteousness a(livity that is engaged In by a large number of people and typically violates dominant-group norms and values. Unlike the organizational behavioral found In corporations and voluntary associations (such as labor unions and environmental organizations). collective behavior lacks an official division of labor, hierarchy of authority. and established rules and procedures. Unlike institutional behavior (in…

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THEORIES OF SOCIAL CHANGE

THEORIES OF SOCIAL CHANGE Dozens of writers-social scientists, theologians, even novelists-have advanced grand theories of social change. A “grand theory” is a broad, sweeping theory covering some important phenomena over all times and places. We shall outline a few of the more important ones. (Each of the scholars listed was a prolific writer, from. whose extensive’ scholarly writings only a tiny fraction is…

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Life Cycles of Social Movements

Life Cycles of Social Movements Some scholars have posed a life cycle which many movements follow [Dawson and Getty, 1934, pp. 708-709; Bald and Ash, 1969; . Bloomer, 1969a, pp. 65-122]. The stages include: (1) the unrest stage of growing confusion and discontent; (2) the excitement stage, when discontent is focused, causes of discontent are identified, and proposals for action are debated; (3)…

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