Category Archive for: AGING AND INEQUALITY BASED IN AGE

Inequalities Related to Aging

Inequalities Related to Aging In previous chapters. we have seen how prejudice and discrimination may be directed toward individuals based on ascribed characteristics-such as race ethnicity or gender-over which they h ave no control.The same holds true for age. Ageism Stereotypes regarding older persons reinforce ageism. defined in Chapter 4 as prejudice and discrimination against people on the basis…

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Late Adulthood

Late Adulthood Late adulthood is generally considered to begin at age 6S-which formerly was referred to as the “normal” retirement age. However. with changes in Social Securityregulations that provide for full retirement benefits to be paid only after a person reaches 66 or 67 years of age (based upon the individuals year of birth). many older persons have chosen to retire…

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Middle Adulthood

Middle Adulthood Prior to the twentieth century, life expectancy in the United States was only about 47 years, so the concept  of middle adulthood-people between the ages of 40and 65-did not exist until fairly recently. Normal changes in appearance occur during these years, and  although these changes have little relationship to aperson’s health or physical functioning, they…

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Young Adulthood

Young Adulthood Young adulthood, which follows adolescence and lasts to about age 39, is socially significant because during  this time people are expected to get married. havec ildren, and get a job. People who do not fulfill these activties during young adulthood tend to be viewed negatively. Individuals who do not get married by age 39 are often…

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Adolescence

Adolescence In contemporary industrialized countries, adolescence roughly spans the teenage years, although some analysts place the lower and upper ages at 15 and 24. Before the twentieth century, adolescence did not exist as an age category. Today, it is a period in which young  people are expected to continue their education andperhaps hold a part-time job. What inequalities based…

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Infancy and Childhood

Infancy and Childhood Infancy (bir’~l to age 2) and childhood (ages 3 to 12) are typically thought of as carefree years; however, children are among the most powerless and vulnerable people in society. Histori cally, children were seenas the property of their parents, who could do with them as they pleased (Tower, 1996). In fact, whether an infant survives…

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Age and the Life Course in Contemporary Society

Age and the Life Course in Contemporary Society During the twentieth century, life expectancy steadily increased as industrialized nations developed better water and sewage systems, improved nutrition, and  made tremendous advances in medical science. However However.children today are often viewed as an economic liability; they cannot contribute to the family’s financial well-being and must be supported. In industrialized and postindustrial societies, the…

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A Case Study: Aging, Gender, and Japanese Society

A Case Study: Aging, Gender, and Japanese Society A Significant increase in the older population in Japan has occurred over the past 30 years. whereas it took  almost a century in North America and Europe. If the present trend continues in Japan. by 2025 people age 65 and over will make up about 25 percent of the total population. and…

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Industrial and Postindustrial Societies

Industrial and Postindustrial Societies In industrial societies. living standards improve and advances in medicine contribute to greater longevity for more people. Although it is often believed that lessindustrialized countries accord greater honor. prestige. and respect to older people. some studies have found that the stereotypical belief that people in such nations will be taken care of by their relatives. particularly daughters and…

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Agein Global Perspective

Age in Global Perspective Physical and sociocultural environments have different effects on ‘how people experience aging and old age. In fact. concepts such as young and old may vary considerably from culture to culture. Unlike the sophisticated data-gathering techniques used to determine the number of older people in high-income and middle-income nations. we know less about the life expectancies and the aging…

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