Category Archive for: AGING AND INEQUALITY BASED IN AGE

Industrial and Postindustrial Societies

Industrial and Postindustrial Societies In industrial societies. living standards improve and  advances in medicine contribute to greater longevityfor more people. Although it is often believed that lessindustrialized countries accord greater honor. prestige. and respect to older people. some studies have found that the stereotypical belief that people in such nations will be taken care of by their relatives. particularly daughters and…

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Age·in Global Perspective

Age·in Global Perspective Physical and horticultural environments have different effects on ‘how people experience aging and old age. In fact. concepts such as young and old may vary considerably from culture to culture. Unlike the sophisticated data-gathering techniques used to determine the number of older people in high-income and middle-income nations. we know less about the life expectancy and the aging populations…

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Age in Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

Age in Historical and Contemporary Perspectives People are assigned to different roles and positions based on the age sructure and role structure in a par-ticular society. Age structure is the number of people of each age level within the society; role structure is the number and type of positions available to them (Riley  and Riley. 1994). Over the years,…

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Trends in Aging

Trends in Aging Over the past 25 years. the U.S. population has been aging. The median age (the age at which half the people  are younger and half are older) has increased by slightlymore than 6 years-from se in 1980 t? 36.4 in 2006 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2009). 111is change was partly a result of the Baby Boomers…

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The Social Significance of Age

The Social Significance of Age “How old are you? is is one of the most frequeitly asked questions in the United States. Beyond medicating how old or young a person is. age is socially significant because it defines what is appropriate for or expected of people at various stages. ur example. child development specialists have identified stages of cognitive development based…

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AGING AND INEQUALITY BASED ON AGE

AGING AND INEQUALITY BASED ON AGE Unlike so many career shifts she had made over the years, this one did not go smoothly. Her calls to prospective employers often went unanswered. Her resume did not always open doors. She looks as if she’s in her 50’s, but her resume makes it clear that she’s in her 60’s, and suddenly…

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Aging tn the Future

Aging tn the Future The size of the older population in the United Stateswill increase dramatically in the early decades of the twentyfirst century. By the year 2050, there will be an estimated 80 million people age65 and older, as compared with 35 million in 2000. Thus, combined with decreasing birth rates. most of the population growth will occur in…

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DEATH AND DYING

DEATH AND DYING Historically. death was a common occurrence at all stages of the life course. Until the twentieth century. the chances that a newborn child would live to adulthood were very small. Poor nutrition. infectious diseases. accidents. and natural disasters took their toll on men and women of all ages. But in contemporary. industrial societies. death is looked on as…

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Conflict Perspectives on Aging

Conflict Perspectives on Aging Conflict theorists view aging as especially problematic  in contemporary capitalistic societies. As people grow older, their power tends to diminish unless they are able to maintain wealth. Consequently, those who have been disadvantaged in their younger years become even more so in late adulthood. Women age 75 and over are among the most disadvantaged because they often…

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Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives on Aging

Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives on Aging Symbolic interactionist perspectives examine the connection between personal satisfaction in a persons later years and a high level of activity. Activity theory. stales that people tend to shift gears ill late middle age and find substitutes for previous statuses, roles, and activities (Havighurst, Neugarten, and Tobin, 1968). From this perspective. older people have the same social…

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