ASCRIBED AND ACHIEVED STATUS AND ROLE
Statuses and roles are of two. sorts: those ascribed to us by our society, irrespective of individual qualities or efforts, and those we
achieve through our’ own efforts [Linton, 1936, chap. 8]. . . To illustrate the difference: Princess is an ascribed status. One does not become a princess through ability or choice or effort. One is born a princess and Will remain a princess whet~er one is stupid or brilliant, ugly or beautiful, obstreperous or gracious [Young and Mack, 1959, p. 160]. But prime minister fire fighter, student, and husband and wife are all achieved statuses. One becomes these things through one’s own choices and actions. Child and adult are ascribed statuses. The child is treated as a child and the adult is treated as an adult regardless of their choices or wishes .. “Old” is also an ascribed status. If one survives, one becomes old regardless of one’s wishes Some resist the status in ways which others consider “childish yet “old” they become, for there are no ways to choose or reject-an ascribed status.