APPROACHES TO ETHNIC POLICIES
For a period immediately following World War II, Americans engaged in bitter controversy over whether “white supremacy” and
black segregation should be maintained. While this had been the prevailing pattern during previous history, a growing number of both whites and blacks advocated a “color-blind” policy of treating individuals (In their own merit without regard Lotheir ethnic identity. Demonstrations, court verdicts, ,and electoral victories resulted in the Civil Rights Acts of 1960and 1964, which outlawed discrimination in the treatment of all ethnic groups. Even if all job applicants had been treated exactly alike, blacks were still at a disadvantage because of differences in education, training, family background, access to information, and other factors. Therefore, the color-blind approach was replaced by the policy of giving active preference (affirmative action) to groups which had suffered past discrimination.