Adolescence Sociology Help

Adolescence

In contemporary industrialized countries, adolescence roughly spans the teenage years, although some analysts place the lower  and upper ages at 15 and 24. Before the twentieth century, adolescence did not exist as an age category. Today, it is a period in  which young  people are expected to continue their education and perhaps hold a part-time job. What inequalities based on age are  experienced by adolescents in our society? Adolescents are not granted  full status as adults in most societies, but they are not allowed to act “childish” either. Early teens are considered too young to do “adult” things, such as stay out late at night, vote,  rive, use tobacco, or consume alcoholic  beverages. Many adolescents also face conflicting demands to attend school and to make money. Most states have compulsory school attendance laws requiring  young people between the ages of 6 and 16 or 18 to attend  school regularly; however, students who see no benefit from school or believe that the money they make working is more   important may find themselves labeled as juvenile offenders for missing school. Moreover, juvenile laws define behavior such as  truancy or  running away from home as forms of delinquency which would 110th be offenses if they were committed by an adult.  spite child labor laws implemented  to control working conditions for young employees, many adolescents of today are  employed in settings  with hazardous working conditions, low wages, no benefits, and long work hours.  A variety of reports have  labeled contemporary U.S. teenagers as a “generation at risk” because of the many problems that social analysts believe to be  found among today’s adolescents (see Zill and Nora, 1994; Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development, 1995). Among the  most  pressing adolescent problems identified  were crime and violence, teen pregnancy. suicide, drug abuse, and excessive peer  pressure. However,  other social analysts dispute these claims and suggest that teenagers have become the “scapegoat generation”

and are widely viewed as being a problem for society. Although defining the “youth problem” in this manner may be harmful for all  adolescents, it could be especially  harmful for young people of color from low income families. Without educational and economic opportunities, they are the 1110st Likely to constitute the  majority of young people in jails, prisons, and detention facilities, where it is believed that they can do less harm to other people or to the nation as a whole. One  analyst finds  his trend especially troublesome: American adults have regarded adolescents with  hope and foreboding [for many decades).  hat  s  transpiring is new and ominous. A particular danger attends older generations indulging “they-deserve-it” myths to justify   enriching ourselves at the expense of younger ones. The message … adults have spent two decades sending to youths is: You are   not our kids. We don’t care about you. (Males. J 996: 43)  In Males’s opinion, the primary way to save the adolescent generation  f.today is to reduce poverty among children, teenagers, and young families, as well as to  move away from the large number of  ge-based laws that restrict adolescents’ opportunities for employment and freedom (Males, 1996)

Posted on September 5, 2014 in Aging and inequality based on age

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