Category Archive for: Politics And Government in Global Perspective

Political Science and Political Sociology

Political Science and Political Sociology For most of the twentieth century. political science primarily focused on power and its distribution in different types of political systems. Today. some political scientists focus on the machinery of the federal government (such as its legislative. executive. and judicial branches) and the operative political processes (including political parties. public opinion. elections. and political participation). Other political scientists compare…

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Governmental Bureaucracy

Governmental Bureaucracy When most people think of political power. they overlook one of its major sources-the governmental bureaucracy. As previously discussed. Weber’s rational legal authority finds its contemporary embodiment in bureaucratic organizations. Negative feelings about bureaucracy are perhaps strongest when people are describing the “faceless bureaucrats” and “red tape” with which they must deal in government. But who are these “faceless bureaucrats,” and…

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Characteristics of the Federal Bureaucracy

Characteristics of the Federal Bureaucracy Bureaucratic power tends to take on a life of its own. During the nineteenth century. the government and a relatively limited role in everyday life. In the 19~Os, however, the scope of government was extended greatly during the Great Depression to deal with labor management relations, public welfare, and the regulation of the securities markets. With…

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The Iron Triangle and the Military Industrial Complex

The Iron Triangle and the Military Industrial Complex What exactly is the  triangle. and how does it work? According to the sociologist Joe Feagin The Iron Triangle has a revolving door of money, influence, and jobs among these three sets of actors, involving trillions of dollars. Military contractors who receive contracts from the Defense Department serve on the advisory committees that recommend what…

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Background Until World War

Background Until World War Background Until World War most U.S. military actions took place within this’ country (such as the conquest of Native Americans and the Civil War) or dose to home (as in the war with Mexico). After proving its military might at the international level in World War  the United States took on the role of leader of the free…

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Defense Contracts and Arms Sales

Defense Contracts and Arms Sales Between 1945 (the end of World War JI) and the early 1990s. the U.S. government spent an estimated $10.2 trillion on national defense (in constant 1987 dollars). Later in the 1990s and continuing until immediately prior to the war on terrorism. the United States spent more than $270 billion per year on the military budget. a…

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The Military and Militarism

The Military and Militarism Militarism is a societal focus on military  ideals and an-aggressive preparedness for war. Core u.s. values such as patriotism, courage, reverence, loyalty, obedience, and faith in authority help to support militarism, as the sociologist Cynthia H. Enloe (1987: 542-543) notes: Military expenditures, militaristic values, and military authority now influence the flow of foreign trade and determine which countries…

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Explanations for Militarism

Explanations for Militarism Sociologists have proposed several reasons for militarism. One is the economy. According to Enrloe (1987: 527), people who see capitalism as the moving force behind the’ military’s influence “believe that government officials enhance the status, resources, and authority of the military in order to protect the interests of private enterprises at home and overseas.” From this perspective, the origin…

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Gender, Race, and the Military

Gender, Race, and the Military In recent years. some Significant changes have occurred in the policies and composition of the u.s. armed forces, Especially with the introduction of the all-volunteer force and the end of the draft in the early 1970 s, the focus of the military shifted from training “good citizen-soldiers” to recruiting individuals who would enlist in the military…

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Terrorism and War

Terrorism and War In the first decade of this century people in the United States became acutely aware of the problem of terrorism on their own soil, a concern that people in nations around the world have faced for many years. Today, the terrorist attacks of 2001 are remembered by some people only when they face heightened security at airports or…

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